Two separate illustrations of an animal head and a fire on a mountain

Lord of the Flies

by William Golding

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Could the phrase "Passions beat about Simon on the mountaintop with awful wings" in chapter 4 be interpreted as a religious allegory?

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In chapter 4, Jack smacks Piggy's glasses off his face and breaks one of the lenses. Simon proceeds to help Piggy by graciously picking up his glasses. As Simon is helping Piggy, Golding writes,

Passions beat about Simon on the mountain-top with awful wings. (100)

Throughout the novel, Simon is symbolically portrayed as a Christ-figure, who possesses supreme wisdom and is an overall generous, selfless individual. Golding's comment can be interpreted to allegorically represent the time angels administered aid to Jesus on the mountain top in the desert shortly after Satan tempted him.

Although Simon's character is typically symbolic of Jesus, his actions correspond to the angels, who help Jesus on the mountain top in Matthew 4:11. According to the Book of Matthew, Jesus was completely famished and exhausted after fasting for forty days and forty nights in the desert. After Satan tempted him several times, Jesus was left alone on a mountain top, where angels descended upon him to administer aid. Similar to the angels who helped Jesus in his time of need on the mountaintop, Simon also helps Piggy on the mountain top by searching for his glasses after Jack breaks them.

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In the scene when Jack slugs Piggy, and Piggy's glasses fall off and break, kind Simon is the one to retreive them from the log; in that moment:

"Passions beat about Simon on the mountaintop with awful wings" (71).

Your idea of the religious allegory is certainly a valid idea and could allude to angels' wings.  One interesting aspect of this connection is the idea of the "mountaintop;" in the Bible, God often delivered wisdom and understanding on a mountaintop, like when He gave Moses the Ten Commandments on Mt. Sinai. 

Simon also finds wisdom on the mountaintop, because he begins to perceive the dark "passions" of the other boys.  Golding characterizes the tension of this scene with the metaphor of "awful wings" which instead of seeming angelic, contrastingly portrays the boys' feelings to be wild and animalistic.  The connotation of the word "beat" suggests a harshness of movement, mimicking Jack's desire to hit Piggy, and the frantic pounding of the boys' hearts.  Simon understands the buidling tension and the boys' anger, but is set apart from it, choosing to show compassion to Piggy instead. 

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