Literature of Missionaries in the Nineteenth Century Criticism: Sociopolitical Concerns - Essay

Andrew Porter (essay date 1985)

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Porter, Andrew. “‘Commerce and Christianity’: The Rise and Fall of a Nineteenth-Century Missionary Slogan.” The Historical Journal 28, no. 3 (September 1985): 597-621.

[In the following essay, Porter examines the connection between commerce and Christianity popularized in the mid-nineteenth century by missionaries such as David Livingstone, who wrote that the two were “inseparable.” Porter argues that this sentiment was relatively short-lived and not reflective of the whole of nineteenth-century missionary thought.]

‘“What,” some simple-minded man might say, “is the connection between the Gospel and commerce?’”1 Speaking in...

(The entire section is 11893 words.)

Catherine Hall (essay date 1992)

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Hall, Catherine. “Missionary Stories: Gender and Ethnicity in England in the 1830s and 1840s.” In Cultural Studies, edited by Lawrence Grossberg, Cary Nelson, and Paula A. Treichler, pp. 240-70. New York: Routledge, 1992.

[In the following essay, Hall describes the manner in which British missionary rhetoric, sympathetic to black converts, revealed anxiety about English national identity.]

In the 1990s nationalisms and national identities have become key political issues.1 The collapse of the Cold War, the reunification of Germany, the re-mapping of Europe, and the planned increased economic and political integration of EEC member countries in...

(The entire section is 19821 words.)

Linda H. Peterson (essay date 1999)

(Nineteenth-Century Literary Criticism)

SOURCE: Peterson, Linda H. “‘The Feelings and Claims of Little People’: Heroic Missionary Memoirs, Domestic(ated) Spiritual Autobiography, and Jane Eyre: An Autobiography.” In Traditions of Victorian Women's Autobiography: The Poetics and Politics of Life Writing, pp. 80-108. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1999.

[In the following excerpt, Peterson compares Charlotte Brontë's Jane Eyre to the nonfiction missionary writings of nineteenth-century women. Peterson suggests that Brontë's allusion to the missionary memoir raises broader questions about the life, education, and career path deemed proper for women.]

When Charlotte Brontë...

(The entire section is 15239 words.)