The Literature of the Counter-Reformation Criticism: Overviews And General Studies - Essay

John C. Olin (essay date 1969)

(Literary Criticism (1400-1800))

SOURCE: Olin, John C. “Introduction: The Background of Catholic Reform.” In The Catholic Reformation: Savonarola to Ignatius Loyola: Reform in the Church, 1495-1540, pp. xv-xxvi. New York: Harper & Row, 1969.

[In the following essay, Olin examines the long history of religious reform and explains how the efforts of Renaissance humanists to lessen the disparity between the ideal and reality influenced Church reform.]

The Church in the late Middle Ages endured what may be called a “time of troubles”—a time marked by challenge and dissent, manifesting the symptoms of spiritual and institutional decline, climaxed by the great crisis and disruption that broke...

(The entire section is 6001 words.)

Michael A. Mullett (essay date 1999)

(Literary Criticism (1400-1800))

SOURCE: Mullett, Michael A. “The Catholic Reformation and the Arts.” In The Catholic Reformation, pp. 196-214. London: Routledge, 1999.

[In the following essay, Mullett examines how the Catholic Reformation influenced baroque art, including architecture, poetry, drama, and music.]

In this final chapter we shall consider the relationship between the Catholic renewal of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries and the arts used as media for purposes of doctrinal instruction and the raising of religious consciousness. We shall review the art forms of architecture, painting, literature, theatre and music—looking very selectively at a few representative architects,...

(The entire section is 11160 words.)