The Literature of the Counter-Reformation Criticism: Influential Figures - Essay

H. Outram Evennett (essay date 1951)

(Literary Criticism (1400-1800))

SOURCE: Evennett, H. Outram. “St. Ignatius and the Spiritual Exercises.” In The Spirit of the Counter-Reformation: The Birkbeck Lectures in Ecclesiastical History Given in the University of Cambridge in May 1951, edited by John Bossy, pp. 43-66. London: Cambridge University Press, 1968.

[In the following essay, originally presented as a lecture in May 1951, Evennett analyzes the Spiritual Exercises St. Ignatius had developed as a technique for conversion and describes their influence.]

I attempted in my last lecture the somewhat formidable task of trying to convey what seem to me to be the main characteristics which marked the reinvigoration of Catholic...

(The entire section is 9749 words.)

A. G. Dickens (essay date 1968)

(Literary Criticism (1400-1800))

SOURCE: Dickens, A. G. “The Medieval Sources of Catholic Revival.” In The Counter Reformation, pp. 19-28. New York: W. W. Norton, 1979.

[In the following essay, first published in 1968, Dickens discusses some of the prominent fifteenth- and sixteenth-century writers of the Catholic Reformation.]

The period of decline in medieval Catholicism nourished many of the seedlings of Catholic Reformation. Among the features of the latter stands a notable revival of scholastic philosophy and especially of Thomism. Yet this revival had in fact begun among the Dominicans over half a century before the birth of its greatest figure Francisco de Suarez (1548-1617). Thomas de Vio,...

(The entire section is 2513 words.)

Phebe Jensen (essay date summer 1998)

(Literary Criticism (1400-1800))

SOURCE: Jensen, Phebe. “Ballads and Brags: Free Speech and Recusant Culture in Elizabethan England.” Criticism 40, no. 3 (summer 1998): 333-54.

[In the following essay, Jensen discusses how the religious censorship practiced by the Elizabethan government was challenged in a sermon by Bishop John Jewell and a manuscript by Edmund Campion.]

Writing to a friend in 1586, the English Catholic exile Sir Francis Englefield described the attempt to reconvert England to the old faith: “In stede therfore of the sword, which we cannot obtayne, we must fight with paper and pennes, which can not be taken from us.”1 Although the Counter-Reformation in England is...

(The entire section is 8164 words.)