Conner, William F. “The Euchring of Tennessee: A Reëxamination of Bret Harte's ‘Tennessee's Partner.’” In Studies in Short Fiction 17, No. 2 (Spring 1980): 113-20.
Finds Harte's story “Tennessee's Partner” an example of the author's skillful use of “California wit,” a type of American humor that mixes irreverence with deliberate sentimentality, in order to mock traditional morality.
Hale, Douglas, ed. “The Artist as an Argonaut: Gold Rush Letters of Cyrus Worth Pease.” In Cimarron Review 5 (September 1968): 23-48.
Reprints letters written by Cyrus Worth Pease, a New England artist, to his lady friend Lucy Crane, both during and after Pease's 17,000-mile-long ocean voyage to gold rush country. Includes a brief biography of Pease.
Hume, Charles V. “They Came to See the Elephant.” In Theatre West: Image and Impact, edited by Dunbar H. Ogden, Douglas McDermott, and Robert K. Sarlós, pp. 93-98. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1990.
Traces the emergence and development of “Gold Rush Theatre” in California.
Martin, George. Verdi at the Golden Gate: Opera and San Francisco in the Gold Rush Years. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993, 321p.
Focuses on the role Italian composer Giuseppe Verdi's works played in the development of opera in gold rush California.
Monteiro, George. “John Hay and the Western School of Literature.” In Western Illinois Regional Studies 7, No. 1 (Spring 1984): 28-31.
Includes an editorial by New York Tribune writer John Hay, in which he names the founders of the “Western School” of literature: George Horatio Derby and John Williamson Palmer.
Palmer, Francis W. “Gold Rush Language.” In American Speech 43, No. 2 (May 1968): 83-113.
Details the numerous and sundry new terms and expressions that were invented as a result of the gold rush.
Witschi, Nicolas. “John of the Mines: Muir's Picturesque Rewrite of the Gold Rush.” In Western American Literature 34, No. 3 (Fall 1999): 316-43.
Describes how the writings of nineteenth-century environmental advocate John Muir were affected by the economic and social changes brought about by the California gold rush.