What is part 3 of Tomorrow's Child by Rubem Alves about?

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In Tomorrow's Child by Rubem Alves, part 3 is about how we should look forward to what the author calls a community of hope, a community in which there is a dynamic of creativity at work.

In the earlier parts of the book, Alves laments what he sees as the removal of imagination and its power from life in contemporary society. For Alves, imagination is essential to challenge the reality of a society based on the love of power.

He tells us that successive generations of political radicals of one sort or another have promised to create a society of hope. Yet in actual fact, all they've done is to negate existing social and political arrangements instead of putting in place an alternative that recognizes the fundamental need of humans for the free exercise of the imagination.

As a consequence, argues Alves in the third and final part of Tomorrow's Children, the tactics of negation used by radical groups and organizations are simply repeated in another form that continues to keep what are deemed to be dysfunctional elements in society under control.

This explains why, according to Martin Buber, whose words are cited with approval by Alves, revolutions will always end up with the exact opposite of what they strive for. This formulation accounts for why revolutions carried out under the supposedly emancipatory ideologies of socialism and communism have invariably degenerated into brutal repression.

In opposition to this power dynamic, Alves puts his faith in the restoration of a very different dynamic, a dynamic of creativity, which as he notes ruefully, has been removed from politics. With imagination and creativity expunged from politics, one sees the triumph of the love of power over the power of love. This results in an inverted value system in which "those who have imagination do not have power, whereas those who have power do not have imagination."

Despite his plaintive laments for the state of society, Alves doesn't succumb to despair. On the contrary, he remains hopeful, for as he tells us, "Without hope one will either be dissolved in the existing state of things or devoured by insanity."

As psychiatry tells us, human wholeness is simply impossible without hope. Indeed, the case of a patient without hope is hopeless. That being the case, Alves recommends that we look to the future with hope, which he defines as "the presentiment that imagination is more real and reality less real than it looks."

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