Chang, H. C. “Allegory and the Theme of Temptation: A Comparative Study.” In Allegory and Courtesy in Spenser, pp. 75‐107. Edinburgh, Scotland: Edinburgh University Press, 1955.
Studies the allegorical elements in The Faerie Queene and Ching‐hua yuan.
———. “The Women's Kingdom.” In Chinese Literature: Popular Fiction and Drama, pp. 405‐20. Edinburgh, Scotland: Edinburgh University Press, 1973.
Discusses chapters 32 through 37 of Ching‐hua yuan.
Eberhard, Wolfram. “Ideas about Social Reforms in the Novel Ching‐hua yüan.” In Festschrift für Ad. E. Jensen, edited by Eike Haberland, Meinhard Schuster, and Helmut Straube, pp. 113-21. München, Germany: Klaus Renner Verlag, 1964.
Contends that Ching‐hua yuan's lasting importance lies in its author’s criticism of the treatment of women in China.
Hsia, C. T. “The Scholar‐Novelist and Chinese Culture: A Reappraisal of Ching‐hua yüan.” In Chinese Narrative: Critical and Theoretical Essays, edited by Andrew H. Plaks, pp. 266‐305. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1977.
Examines Ching‐hua yuan as the quintessential scholarly novel.
Hu, Shih. “A Chinese Declaration of the Rights of Women.” Chinese Social and Political Science Review 8, no. 2 (April 1924): 100‐9.
Describes Li Ju‐chen's advocacy for women's rights in his novel.
Kao, Hsin‐Sheng C. Li Ju‐Chen. Boston: Twayne, 1981, 149 p.
Examines Li Ju‐chen's life and work, including extensive discussion of elements of allegory and satire in Ching‐hua yuan.
———. “Taoist Mirror: Ching‐hua Yuan and Lao‐Chuang Thought.” Journal of Chinese Philosophy 15 (1988) 151‐72.
Treats Ching‐hua yuan as a representative novel of the Ch'ing dynasty and discusses the Taoist elements present in the text.
Li, Chang‐Chih. “Some Notes on Flowers in the Mirror.” Chinese Literature, no. 1 (January‐February 1958): 144‐8.
Discusses the distinctive style employed by Li Ju‐chen in the composition of his novel.
Ho, Peng‐Yoke and Yu Wang‐luen. “Physical Immortality in the Early Nineteenth-Century Novel Ching‐hua‐yüan.” Oriens Extremus 21, no. 2 (December 1974) 33‐51.
Discusses Li’s treatment of the theme of immortality in his novel.
Yu, Wang Luen. “Knowledge of Mathematics and Science in Ching‐hua‐yüan.” Oriens Extremus 21, no. 2 (December 1974): 217‐36.
Contends that among the large variety of subjects covered in Li Ju‐chen's novel are fairly extensive discussions of both mathematics and science.