Last Updated on May 5, 2015, by eNotes Editorial. Word Count: 454
THE LEOPARD concerns the passing of an era. It focuses on the impact of the Risorgimento--the reunification of Italy--on Sicilian society.
Don Fabrizio, Prince of Salina, recognizes that his class is doomed by its own decadence and by the rude energy of the new order. He knows, too, that the new order, whatever its pretensions, will bring with it no real change for Sicily’s masses. A rapacious middle class will elbow aside the old families, which will succumb to a kind of moral and social entropy.
The symbol of the new order is the marriage between the aristocratic Tancredi, Don Fabrizio’s nephew, and the beautiful Angelica, daughter of the newly rich but vulgar Don Calogero. Rank and pelf come together, but it is “a marriage which, even erotically, was no success.” The calculation on each side dooms the match, and the larger social experiment fares no better. Morally compromised from the start, as one sees in the rigged plebiscite at Donnafugata, the Risorgimento itself is a failure. Rather than ushering in the just society which its apologists proclaim, it merely sets the stage for Fascism half a century later--and perhaps, in time, even Communism.
Lampedusa’s account of the Sicilian aristocracy embattled by an aggressive middle class will appeal to all who enjoy the fictional treatment of the sweep of history. It has affinities with great historical novels such as Leo Tolstoy’s WAR AND PEACE and Stendhal’s THE CHARTERHOUSE OF PARMA, as well as with popular works such as Margaret Mitchell’s GONE WITH THE WIND.
Butcher, Danny. Review of The Leopard, by Giuseppe Tomasi di Lampedusa. The Chicago Sunday Tribune, May 1, 1960, p. 1. A sensitive review, humanistic in scope, focusing on characters and scene instead of careful literary analysis.
Forster, E. M. Review of The Leopard, by Giuseppe Tomasi di Lampedusa. The Spectator, May 13, 1960, p. 702. A review by one of the masters of twentieth century fiction. Forster considers the Archibal Colquohon translation of the novel, and, like other critics, finds the translation somewhat lacking.
Hollander, John. “Plain and Fancy: Notes on Four Novels.” The Yale Review 50, no. 1 (September, 1960): 149-156. Calls attention to The Leopard’s stature as a Bildungsroman, a poetic novel similar to the work of Jean Giraudoux, and a monument of European literature.
Pritchett, V. S. “A Sicilian Novel.” The New Statesman 59, no. 1522 (May 14, 1960): 721-722. High praise of Lampedusa’s lyricism; contrasts the obvious similarity with Stendhal, noting that Lampedusa’s style lacks the coldness of the French writer.
Slonim, Marc. Review of The Leopard, by Giuseppe Tomasi di Lampedusa. The New York Times Book Review, May 1, 1960, 1, p. 24. Places The Leopard in its historical and literary context, and deals with some of the novel’s primary symbols.