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What are the similarities and differences between Georgia’s government and the federal government?

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The state of Georgia is able to create and enforce laws, as long as they do not violate federal law, that oversee the governing of the state. These laws can pertain to education, policing, labor, trade, taxation, transportation, etc. According to the 10th amendment of the constitution, all powers not given to the federal government are reserved for the state and "the people". The federal government can similarly create and enforce these kinds of laws, but the laws are applied across the nation.

Federal laws apply to everyone in the country, while Georgia law only applies to those are currently in or reside within Georgia. For example, Georgia state legislature sets speed limits throughout Georgia. These speed limits only affect those who are actually traveling through Georgia. However, there are also federal laws that regulate transportation that affect everyone nationwide. For example, the amount of time that commercial truckers must rest each day while hauling is dictated by federal law.

Both state and federal government are structured through executive, judicial, and congressional branches. The federal government, in addition to being able to set laws similarly to states, is also able to declare war, regulate international US trade/commerce policies, set sanctions against another country, etc.

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Georgia’s government is a state government.

After it was determined that a weak federal government resulted in a weak nation, it was important to review the Articles of Confederation to ensure that the United States established a stronger central government that would work with the state governments. This review led to the drafting of the Constitution, which created a better working relationship between the central government and the different states for the wellbeing of the nation.

The federal government is similar to state governments in that both types of governments are able to make and enforce laws within their jurisdictions. However, the federal laws will reign supreme when there is a conflict with state laws, which is covered under the supremacy clause in the Constitution. For example, in Georgia, it is illegal to live on a boat for more than 30 days, and although there is no similar provision in the federal laws, the federal government does not interfere with the provision.

The federal government and state governments can both borrow money to finance projects at the national and state levels, respectively. For instance, the federal government is known to borrow from the social security surplus, and Georgia is known to borrow through the issuance of municipal bonds.

Both federal governments and state governments can establish taxes and tax policies within their jurisdictions. For instance, Georgia is known for exempting taxes on most commercial services provided within its jurisdiction. However, some federal taxes on the incomes may still apply.

One difference between the federal government and the state government is that the federal government has the ability to declare war, while state governments cannot declare war.

The federal government is responsible for printing and minting money, whereas state governments cannot perform such activities.

The federal government manages foreign relations, but state governments cannot individually perform such functions.

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The government of the state of Georgia is very similar to the federal government of the United States. Both governments have three branches of government. These branches are the legislative, executive, and judicial branches. Each branch of government has a specific job to do. The Governor of Georgia is similar to the President of the United States in that he or she is elected and limited to two four-year terms. The legislative branch has two houses in Georgia, just like the legislative branch at the federal level.

There are some differences between Georgia’s government and the government of the United States. One difference between the federal government and Georgia’s government is that the lieutenant governor, who is similar to the Vice President, is not chosen by the governor. The lieutenant governor can be from a different political party than the governor. The lieutenant governor is elected by the people of Georgia. The lieutenant governor is also not restricted by term limits. Another difference is that some cabinet positions in Georgia are filled by a statewide election. At the federal level, the President appoints people to fill cabinet positions.

There are similarities and differences between Georgia's government and the government of the United States.

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The federal government, in order to provide a system of checks and balances, is divided into three branches—the executive, the legislative, and the judicial. The architects of our national government were most concerned with preventing tyranny and protecting citizens from the oppression of an unchecked majority.

Georgia's state government has largely followed the same model. The branches are the same and have the same basic functions. The differences that do exist are small.

1. The lieutenant governor is elected, not chosen as a running mate by the governor. He is not bound by term limits.

2. The governor's cabinet is not entirely composed of appointees. Some are elected, such as the secretary of state and the state school superintendent. That could affect the governor's ability to exert his will and influence.

3. Perhaps most importantly in today's political/economic reality, the Georgia state government does not allow for deficit spending. Budgets must be balanced annually. Part of the reason for this is that state governments don't play a role in spurring the national economy like the federal government does.

4. Sometimes state governments complain about something called "unfunded mandates." These are directives from the federal government telling the states to do something, but without any funding to help finance the cost. This forces the state to include such items in their own budgets. The federal government does not have to worry about this sort of thing. 

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