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What is the minimum age for applying the death penalty to juvenile offenders?

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Since 2005, it has been illegal to apply the death penalty to juvenile offenders.  This law was established by the Supreme Court in their ruling in the case of Roper v. Simmons.

Before that, various states had different minimum ages for applying the death penalty.  The lowest of these ages was 16, which was the minimum age in 18 states.  Between 1973 and 2005, 22 people were executed in the US for crimes committed while they were juveniles.

In Roper, the Supreme Court held that imposing the death penalty for a crime committed before age 18 constituted cruel and unusual punishment.  Therefore, the death penalty may not currently be applied to juveniles.

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