Explain the line, "This grew, I gave commands; Then all smiles stopped together" from "My Last Duchess".

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The line in question simply means that the Duke ordered his wife killed. Now he is looking for another wife, and the person he is speaking to in this dramatic monologue is a representative of the father of the young women he is arranging to marry. He is showing this visitor his art collection, which includes a portrait of his former wife. A nobleman of the Duke's status had the power to have people killed in the period in which this scene occurs. It is shocking to think of a man having his wife murdered because she was too kind and loving, but that is what this proud, selfish, wicked man did. In Dante's  Inferno  the poet encounters Francesca da Rimini in a circle of hell reserved for adulterers, and she and her lover, the husband's young brother Paolo,tell him how they fell in love and were murdered by Francesca's husband, also a powerful Italian nobleman. This scene was commemorated by Tchaikovsky in a beautiful tone poem titled "Francesca da Rimini." "My Last Duchess" by Robert Browning is the most famous of his dramatic monologues and also the most frequently anthologized of all his poems.

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