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Alfred Lord Tennyson’s “The Lady of Shalott” uses many figurative language devices to communicate meaning and tone. Besides the examples mentioned, there are multiple examples of personification and metonymy in sections one and two of the poem.

Many of the examples of personification in part 1 are used to describe the natural world that enshrouds the Lady’s tower. The daffodils “tremble in the water chilly” (line 7), and the trees “whiten” or “shiver” (line 10). These examples of personification underscore the mood of the poem in this section, which echoes the titular woman’s feelings of sadness and isolation. The actual landscape around her is cold and lonely, just as she is.

In part 2, this use of personification ceases in favor of imagery. The lines contain descriptions of what The Lady of Shalott sees reflected in her mirror. At the end of part 2, the Lady speaks after seeing two newlyweds pass through the mirror, lamenting that she is “half sick of shadows.” This is an example of metonymy because she substitutes “shadows” when she is really discussing two people as a whole. This figure of speech is used to convey the Lady’s emotional reaction to never looking directly at the things she can only glimpse at in the reflection of her mirror. Shadows suggests that what she sees is not substantial enough to be tangible or real, which perfectly illustrates the Lady of Shalott’s forlorn existence.

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"The Lady of Shalott" opens with powerful figurative language in the first two parts.  In Part I, Tennyson uses metaphor in the lines:

"Long fields of barley and of rye

That clothe the wold and meet the sky" (2-3).

He compares the crops in the fields to clothing that cover the world in gold and green.  This part of the world is productive and bountiful; it is the world outside Shalott.

In the next stanza, Tennyson uses personification with "aspens quiver,  Little breezes dusk and shiver" (10-11) to introduce the setting of Shallot.  He portrays the aspens and the breezes as having human characteristics or qualities, being able to "quiver" or "shiver."  This use of figurative language suggests that the natural world is uneasy or fearful of Shalott.

In Part II, the lady is compared to a spider through the metaphor in the opening lines:

Here she weaves by night and day

A magic web with colors gay. (37-38)

The comparison to a spider is an interesting one, suggesting that the lady is bound to her web for her livelihood, much in the same way a spider is. 

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