Themes and Meanings

(Critical Guide to Poetry for Students)

One of the things the Knight talks about is philosophy, and philosophical reflections abound in the poem. After Arcite is released from prison but banished from Greece, the Knight poses the question, which lover has it worse? The imprisoned Palamon, who can daily see Emily, or the freed Arcite, separated from his beloved? Later he reminds the company, “The purveiaunce that God hath seyn biforn” rules over all that befalls humankind. All the principal characters have philosophical moments, when they reflect on fate, destiny, and love. It is, possibly, these observations which initially recommended this story to the Knight—or he may be the one who has infused them into it. In the Knight’s telling, Theseus considers the omnipotence of the Prime Mover in a way very reminiscent of the Knight’s own musings. At another point in the poem Theseus has recourse to the old proverb that it is wisdom to make a virtue of necessity.

It is part of the multilayered complexity of The Canterbury Tales that the real voice behind these reflections is impossible to determine: Perhaps Theseus is the original speaker; perhaps the Knight attributes his own thoughts to the Athenian king; perhaps Chaucer uses them both to articulate his own perspective. Chaucer himself is not even a stable entity, as he has created a clownish counterpart to himself, Chaucer the pilgrim, who is a member of the company on the pilgrimage and who also speaks with his own distinct...

(The entire section is 470 words.)