Themes and Meanings

(Literary Essentials: World Fiction)

Style, point of view, symbolism, and theme combine to bring out the central meaning of the story: Klingsor’s search for the eternal, all-embracing, and universal nature of the individual self. The exaggerated and extravagant style, including the frequent use of apostrophe, reflects the passionate, luxuriant nature of Klingsor’s own personality, his way of seeing the world. Here, for example, are some of Klingsor’s typical thoughts:Ring high and blast your trumpet, cadmium! Boast loudly, lush crimson lake. Laugh glaringly, lemon yellow! Come here, you deep-blue mountain in the distance. Come to my heart, you matt dusty-green leaves. How tired you are, how you let your pious branches droop submissively. I drink to you, lovely things of the world!

The fact that the story is told entirely from Klingsor’s point of view by a sympathetic third-person narrator only adds to the force of Klingsor’s egocentricity, his need to subjugate the world. Other characters are seen only in terms of how he responds to them.

A central motif is that of the mirror. Klingsor’s life is referred to as a hall of mirrors; he tends to seek his own likeness in others, and he paints the environment as a reflection of his own image. His painting of a mountain, for example, looks like a crazy, masked face. Whenever he looks outward, he sees himself.

Along with this quest to find the self in everything, to expand his own individuality, is the quest for...

(The entire section is 492 words.)