What are the moral values present in Kidnapped?

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Two main moral values that emerge from Kidnapped are the importance of loyalty and courage.

David Balfour and Alan Breck Stewart begin an unlikely friendship on board the aptly-named Covenant. Their friendship is unlikely because the two should consider each other enemies. David is a Protestant, while Alan is a Scottish Highlander and Catholic who supports the "pretender," James, as king. He is therefore considered a traitor by the Crown. Nevertheless, when David discovers that the ship's captain, Mr. Hoseason, and Mr. Riach plan to turn Alan over to the British in return for the price on his head, David warns him.

The two show their courage as they fight off the ship's crew in a battle that could have cost them their lives.

Alan does not forget what David has done for him, and the two stand loyally and bravely by each other after the ship breaks up and they have to make their way through the dangers of Scotland to get to safety. Because they stick together and face adversity bravely, they are able to survive.

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The most important moral that we can get from reading this book is the idea that even people who have no reason to be friendly can become friends.  This is an important lesson for us in today's world where so many different kinds of people seem to hate one another.

Much of this story is about a friendship between two people who are really quite different.  David is young and not very worldly.  More importantly, he is Protestant and a Whig (a person who wants Parliament to have power).  By contrast, Alan is older and very experienced.  He is Catholic and he wants King James to be returned to the throne.  These are serious differences, both of personality and of religion and politics.

Despite these differences, Alan and David become friends.  The book is largely about their friendship and the loyalty they feel to one another.  Therefore, this book is trying to get us to see that people can be friends even if they are from groups who are traditional enemies.

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