(Critical Survey of Science Fiction and Fantasy)

F. Marion Crawford wrote forty-five novels, mostly cast in Italy, the United States, and Germany. His favorite was Khaled: A Tale of Arabia, which capitalizes on the popularity in the nineteenth century of fantasy literature, including The Arabian Nights Entertainments, first transcribed in the fifteenth century. Sir Richard Burtons unexpurgated, sixteen-volume translation (1885-1888) caused renewed interest. Crawford was competent to take advantage of this, as he had followed university study in England and Germany by a sojourn in 1879-1880 in India, where he edited the Indian Herald in Allahabad and also studied Sanskrit. His first novel, Mr. Isaacs: A Tale of Modern India (1882), contains an element of occultism. Other novels followed, including Zoroaster (1885), which begins with King Belshazzars feast in Babylon.

The note of fantasy is struck in Khaled at once. The hero, while a genie, hears Muhammad read from the Koran, then stands motionless for ten months in the third heaven—of precious stones—until his fate is revealed. Leading the repulse of the Shammars, he personally accounts for most of the five thousand enemy dead himself in a matter of hours. Almasta is a sorceress whose white skin, blue eyes, and red hair mark her as dangerously different from Arabian beauties. She orders a beheading, wields an undetected weapon, sings bewitchingly, and learns Arabic with surprising speed. When his...

(The entire section is 488 words.)