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Last Reviewed on June 19, 2019, by eNotes Editorial. Word Count: 468

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This is our basic conclusion: Our nation is moving toward two societies, one black, one white—separate and unequal.

This is among the best-known lines from the report. It appears at the beginning of the report, which was commissioned by President Lyndon B. Johnson to study the causes of the riots in African American neighborhoods that had broken out in the mid 1960s and to make some recommendations about how to prevent them. The report concluded that the de facto segregation of African Americans into their own neighborhoods, without access to adequate jobs, had created two separate societies within American society, and the African American society was not equal to the white society.

This alternative will require a commitment to national action—compassionate, massive and sustained, backed by the resources of the most powerful and the richest nation on this earth. From every American it will require new attitudes, new understanding, and, above all, new will.

At the beginning of the report, the authors state that the bifurcation of American society is reversible. However, to fully integrate African Americans into American society, the government will have to play a role in providing jobs, housing, and resources for African Americans. In addition, Americans must change their attitudes and embrace full integration, and they must have the will to make the country a more equal place. The report calls on both the government and individual Americans to make the changes necessary to transform the racial attitudes and programs in the country.

White racism is essentially responsible for the explosive mixture which has been accumulating in our cities since the end of World War II.

The report places the blame for the urban riots squarely on whites. The authors write that racism in the forms of unequal opportunities...

(The entire section contains 468 words.)

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