Kenneth Grahame Further Reading

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Further Reading

(Twentieth-Century Literary Criticism)


Chalmers, Patrick R. Kenneth Grahame: Life, Letters and Unpublished Work London: Methuen & Co., 1933, 321 p.

The first biography of Grahame, relying unduly upon the saccharine and sometimes unreliable reminiscences of Grahame's widow, Elspeth.

Graham, Eleanor. Kenneth Grahame. London: Bodley Head, 1963, 72 p.

A brief biographical and critical study from a noted children's writer.

Green, Peter. Beyond the Wild Wood: The World of Kenneth Grahame, Author of The Wind in the Willows. New York: Facts on File, 1983, 224 p.

An abridgement, in larger format and with new illustrations, of Green's full-scale 1959 biography.

Green, Peter. Kenneth Grahame, 1859-1932: A Study of His Life, Work and Times. London: John Murray, 1959, 400 p.

Argues that Grahame was far more complex than critics and readers had realized, and identifies a number of late nineteenth-century issues and concerns in his work. Green finds Grahame a more troubled figure than does Chalmers.

Prince, Alison. Kenneth Grahame: An Innocent in the Wild Wood. London: Allison & Busby, 1994, 384 p.

The most substantial biography to date. Prince identifies Elspeth Grahame's embroideries and exaggerations in both Chalmers and Green.


Gilead, Sarah. "Grahame's The Wind in the Willows." Explicator 46, No. 1 (Fall 1987): 33-6.

Discusses the significance of the River in Grahame's novel.

Gillin, Richard. "Romantic Echoes in the Willows." Children's Literature 16 (1988): 169-74.

Illustrates Grahame's use of themes from Keats, Coleridge, and Wordsworth.

Hunt, Peter. "Dialogue and Dialectic: Language and Class in The Wind in the Willows." Children's Literature 16 (1988): 159-68.

Investigates Grahame's avoidance of "class dialect" in situations that otherwise suggest class differences.

Kuznets, Lois R. Kenneth Grahame. Boston: Twayne, 1987, 156 p.

A critical and biographical study from an authority on Grahame and children's literature in general. Includes an annotated bibliography of selected secondary sources.

. "Kenneth Grahame." Writers for Children: Critical Studies of Major Authors Since the Seventeenth Century, edited by Jane M. Bingham, pp. 247-54. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1988.

A brief critical survey of Grahame's work.

. "Kenneth Grahame and Father Nature, or Whither Blows The Wind in the Willows?" Children's Literature 16 (1988): 175-81.

Examines the "idyllic male-only animal world" of Grahame's novel.

Milne, A. A. Introduction to The Wind in the Willows, by Kenneth Grahame, pp. vii-x. New York: The Heritage Press, 1940.

A graceful appreciation from a fellow-writer who dramatized the novel.

Parker, W. M. "The Children's Advocate: Kenneth Grahame." In Modern Scottish Writers. Edinburgh: W. Hodge & Co., 1917, pp. 125-38.

An appreciation stressing and elucidating Grahame's particular "charm" as a children's writer.

Robson, W. W. "On The Wind in the Willows." In The Definition of...

(The entire section is 626 words.)