Other literary forms

(Poets and Poetry in America)

Karl Shapiro wrote one novel, Edsel (1971); books of literary criticism, including Essay on Rime (1945), Beyond Criticism (1953), In Defense of Ignorance (1960), and To Abolish Children, and Other Essays (1968); and several works on prosody. He also coedited books on the activity of writers, one with W. H. Auden, Poets at Work (1948), and a second one, The Writer’s Experience (1964), with Ralph Ellison. The Poetry Wreck: Selected Essays 1950-1970 (1975) is an anthology of his criticism. He published two volumes of a projected three-volume autobiography before his death in 2000: The Younger Son (1988), which covered his youth and experiences in World War II, and Reports of My Death (1990), which covers the years from 1945 to 1985.