(Critical Guide to British Fiction)

Nadine Gordimer’s novel July’s People is a fictitious account of a black revolt in South Africa. In the novel the blacks in the South African police force refuse to arrest their own people, public services break down, and fighting erupts in the major cities, quickly spreading into the rural areas. Bloodshed engulfs the country. The rebels have prepared well. They have heavy caliber weapons and airplanes and help from the neighboring black states of Botswana, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Namibia, and Mozambique, as well as from Cuba and the Soviet Union. Everywhere their forces threaten the security of the white settlers.

Bamford and Maureen Smales, a liberal, white couple, flee with their three children from their home in a comfortable residential district of Johannesburg and find refuge in the mud and thatched hut village that contains the extended family of their black servant, July.

July then becomes their protector. He quarters them in one of the dwellings that had been occupied by his wife. She resents the eviction, thinking that the whites should seek help from other whites, but defers to the authority of her husband. The lives of the white visitors are transformed beyond their imagination. In the bush they have none of the amenities of their former existence: no electricity, no running water, no modern sanitation. Maureen believes that she is in another consciousness; “it pressed in upon her and filled her as someone’s breath fills a balloon’s shape.” Time, as the family once knew it, begins to lose meaning. Desperate for outside news, the adults practically worship their radio, fearful that its batteries might give out. Yet the garbled transmissions they receive do not tell them the fate of their society and its chances of survival.


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July's People Summary

(Masterpieces of World Literature, Critical Edition)

July’s People is set in a time and place when the African effort to liberate blacks from white rule has successfully taken place. The entire country has become a battleground; the novel focuses on the plight of the Smaleses, an enlightened white middle-class family.

Bamford and Maureen Smales are “rescued” from deterioration by their servant, July, who takes them and their children into his native village. On the way there, July is seen literally caring for them, and it is obvious to the reader that he has not entirely abandoned his socialized role as a servant to white people. The Smaleses are uncomfortable with the shifting situation as they discover their increasing dependence on July. The novel’s epigraph is an emblem of what the reader might expect in the course of events. Gordimer quotes from Quaderni del carcere (1948-1951; partial translation as Selections from the Prison Notebooks of Antonio Gramsci, 1971): “The old is dying and the new cannot be born; in this interregnum there arises a great diversity of morbid symptoms.” Africa is experiencing a change, and both blacks and whites are caught in the “interregnum,” in the midst of change itself.

Gordimer, however, does not simplify the political implications. In other words, she does not advocate a view that white liberals such as the Smaleses must necessarily be excluded from black liberation. Neither does she cast an approving eye on the transition to black South African rule. Both groups experience pains in the transition; the new cannot yet be born in the middle of all the changes. Everyone is thrust into chaos and uncertainty; all social roles are...

(The entire section is 685 words.)

July's People Summary

(Critical Survey of Literature for Students)

July, incongruously both servant and host, brings morning tea to Maureen and Bamford Smales where they are sleeping with their three children in a one-room mud hut with only a piece of sack cloth for a door. A small truck, bought for hunting holidays for Bam’s fortieth birthday, brought the Smales family six hundred kilometers across the veld in a journey that took three days and nights. The revolutionary forces trying to wrest power from the whites in South Africa caused the family to flee Johannesburg with their servant July to his rural settlement, which is populated only by his relatives. Maureen and Bam’s feelings about the revolution are mixed. It brings danger to them as privileged whites, but on the other hand it represents a possible end to the racist system they do not endorse.

Noticing one of the huts contains mining artifacts, Maureen thinks about her childhood as the daughter of a shift boss for the mines. A photographer once snapped a picture of Maureen and Lydia, her family’s servant. Years later she saw the photograph in a book. The photograph captured their social relationship, one that Maureen was too young at the time to discern herself: the black servant carrying the white girl’s school bag.

One day, without asking, July rides off in the truck, with his friend Daniel driving. Upset, not knowing where July went or why, Maureen and Bam begin bickering about why they failed to leave South Africa while there was still time, about whether their attitude toward the politics of South Africa is realistic, and about each other’s character. That night, after the children and Bam fall asleep, Maureen goes outside in the dark to shower in the rain. Before returning to the hut, she notices the lights of the truck returning. July returns with supplies and reports of shortages at the store and fighting at the mines not far from the settlement. Daniel...

(The entire section is 774 words.)

July's People Summary

In July's People Nadine Gordimer depicts the lives of a liberal, white South African family, the...

(The entire section is 1566 words.)

July's People Chapter Summary and Analysis

July's People Chapters 1-2 Summary and Analysis

July's People, Nadine Gordimer's novel about the situation of whites in South Africa during the end of...

(The entire section is 2228 words.)

July's People Chapters 3-5 Summary and Analysis

Maureen is introduced to July's wife at the beginning of chapter three. The two women have no common language,...

(The entire section is 1871 words.)

July's People Chapters 6-8 Summary and Analysis

On Saturdays and Sundays, the men drink and sing hymns. Bam joins this crowd, but Maureen cannot, just as she...

(The entire section is 2296 words.)

July's People Chapters 9-12 Summary and Analysis

Maureen reflects on her tendency to believe all people share the same emotions, and how in the village men and...

(The entire section is 1969 words.)

July's People Chapter 13-15 Summary and Analysis

Chapter thirteen initiates Maureen's slow move into the women's society of the village. She follows them as...

(The entire section is 2476 words.)

July's People Chapters 16-17 Summary and Analysis

In chapter sixteen, July tries to explain that country people don't want to defend any nation but their own,...

(The entire section is 1859 words.)

July's People Chapters 18-19 Summary and Analysis

Chapter eighteen introduces a diversion, a huge distraction for the whole village. Maureen sees a man walking...

(The entire section is 3037 words.)