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Last Updated on May 5, 2015, by eNotes Editorial. Word Count: 728

Nadine Gordimer’s novel July’s People is a fictitious account of a black revolt in South Africa. In the novel the blacks in the South African police force refuse to arrest their own people, public services break down, and fighting erupts in the major cities, quickly spreading into the rural areas. Bloodshed engulfs the country. The rebels have prepared well. They have heavy caliber weapons and airplanes and help from the neighboring black states of Botswana, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Namibia, and Mozambique, as well as from Cuba and the Soviet Union. Everywhere their forces threaten the security of the white settlers.

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Bamford and Maureen Smales, a liberal, white couple, flee with their three children from their home in a comfortable residential district of Johannesburg and find refuge in the mud and thatched hut village that contains the extended family of their black servant, July.

July then becomes their protector. He quarters them in one of the dwellings that had been occupied by his wife. She resents the eviction, thinking that the whites should seek help from other whites, but defers to the authority of her husband. The lives of the white visitors are transformed beyond their imagination. In the bush they have none of the amenities of their former existence: no electricity, no running water, no modern sanitation. Maureen believes that she is in another consciousness; “it pressed in upon her and filled her as someone’s breath fills a balloon’s shape.” Time, as the family once knew it, begins to lose meaning. Desperate for outside news, the adults practically worship their radio, fearful that its batteries might give out. Yet the garbled transmissions they receive do not tell them the fate of their society and its chances of survival.

July at first seems a considerate host, taking a certain pride in showing off his white family, almost like a trophy, but it is obvious that the pleasure of the Smaleses’ presence is beginning to wear thin. The Smaleses, increasingly isolated, try harder to adjust to their alien way of life. The children cope better than their parents, disturbingly so as they begin to play like black children, acquiring their language, adapting themselves to their customs. The youngest son, Victor, begins to forget how to read and does not miss his old comicbook heroes.

The Smaleses’ material possessions, those that they managed to bring with them, are also falling away from them, including the small truck, the “bakkie,” in which they made their escape. Bamford Smales had intended it for weekend bird-hunting expeditions. July manages to get his hands on the keys and does not give them back. Unable to drive before, he now learns from Daniel, a younger black who had once driven a truck for a dairy in Bethal. The Smaleses are disturbed,...

(The entire section contains 728 words.)

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