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Calpurnia has had a terrible nightmare in which smiling plebs bathe their hands in blood spouting from the statue of her husband. She interprets this dream as a bad omen, and begs Caesar not to go to the Senate on the Ides of March as planned. With all the crazy things that have been going on in Rome recently—dead men walking, a lioness giving birth in the street—it seems that Calpurnia has good reason to worry. In this deeply superstitious age, such strange events were often interpreted as bad omens.

But Caesar's having none of it. If the gods have so decreed that he will meet a bloody end, then so be it; there's no point in defying fate. Like the true Roman male he is, Caesar brushes aside his wife's concerns with condescension, claiming that he'll look bad in the eyes of the people if he stays at home on account of his wife's nightmares.

Caesar's even more determined to head off to the Senate when Decius arrives and interprets Calpurnia's dream in a more positive light. He claims—somewhat unconvincingly—that the dream signifies the people of Rome gaining lifeblood from Caesar's strength. But then he would say that, wouldn't he? He is, after all, one of the conspirators in the assassination plot against Caesar.

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Prior to his departure for the Senate on the fateful day of his death, Calpurnia, Caesar's wife, asks Caesar to stay home.  Along with recounting strange events taking place in the streets of Rome, Calpurnia tells Caesar of a dream she had, which he later recounts to Decius:

She dreamt tonight she saw my statue,                                         Which, like a fountain with an hundred spouts,                               Did run pure blood (Act 2, Scene 2, lines 76-78).

The dream shows further instances of foreshadowing, as Caesar next describes how the Roman people, rather than acting repulsed by the site of the bloody statue, actually smile and bathe in the blood.  Calpurnia feels this to be a bad omen, foreshadowing the events to come.

Decius manages to turn this around.  He tells Caesar that both he and Calpurnia have misinterpreted the dream, and that the blood spouting forth from the statue is the sustaining or life-giving blood that Caesar has given (through his actions) to all the Roman people.  Caesar is ultimately convinced to disregard the dream and to move forward with his original plans.

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