Other Literary Forms
Julio Cortázar’s literary career, which lasted almost forty years, includes—besides his short stories—novels, plays, poetry, translations, and essays of literary criticism. In his essay on short fiction entitled “Algunos aspectos del cuento” (“Some Aspects of the Short Story”), Cortázar studies the varying role of the reader with regard to different literary forms. Cortázar’s first book, Presencia (1938), was a collection of poetry that he published under the pseudonym Julio Denís. He translated authors as diverse as Louisa May Alcott and Edgar Allan Poe into Spanish and considered French Symbolist poetry to be of enormous influence on his prose writing. He experimented with a form of collage in his later works of short fiction.