Julio Cortázar Additional Biography

Biography

The fact that Julio Cortázar was born in Brussels, Belgium, rather than in Argentina was something of an accident, as his Argentine parents were then abroad on business. He learned French at about the same time he learned Spanish, and this international beginning colored most of his life. His paternal great-grandparents were from the Basque area of northern Spain; his maternal origins can be traced to Germany and France. The boy and his parents remained for several years in Europe, returning to Buenos Aires when he was about four years old. While Cortázar was still a boy in Argentina, his father abandoned the family; Julio was reared by his mother and aunt. He earned degrees in elementary, secondary, and preparatory education, and from 1937 to 1944, he worked as a high school teacher in Bolívar and Chivilcoy while simultaneously beginning to write short stories in his spare time. In 1938, his first collection of poems, Presencia, appeared under the pseudonym Julio Denís without receiving much critical attention.

In 1944, Cortázar began to teach French literature at the University of Cuyo, but his activism against the dictatorship of Juan Perón brought his arrest, with a subsequent resignation from his post at the university. He moved to Buenos Aires in 1946, obtaining the post of manager of the Argentine Publishing Association; while working there, he earned a degree as public translator. His dramatic poem Los reyes was published...

(The entire section is 506 words.)

Biography

(Masterpieces of World Literature, Critical Edition)

ph_0111207073-Cortazar.jpg Julio Cortázar Published by Salem Press, Inc.

Julio Cortázar (KOHR-tah-sahr) was born on August 26, 1914, in Brussels, Belgium, where his Argentine parents, Julio José and María Herminia (Descotte) Cortázar, were on business. When he was four years old, the family returned to Argentina to establish permanent residence in Banfield, a suburb of Buenos Aires. When he was still very young, Cortázar and the family were abandoned by his father; his mother and aunt reared him and his sister.

Cortázar earned a degree as a primary and secondary schoolteacher in 1935, but before finishing his first year of studies at the University of Buenos Aires, he left to take a position as a high school teacher, which he held until 1944. Presencia (1938), published under the pseudonym of Julio Denís, was his first publication. It is a collection of poems, a genre in which he was to work again in later years. From 1944 to 1945, he taught literature at the University of Cuyo in the province of Mendoza, where he was briefly imprisoned for participating in anti-Peronist demonstrations.

In 1946, he returned to Buenos Aires, where he worked as the manager of Cámara Argentina del Libro (the Argentine Publishing Association). After passing examinations in languages and law, he worked as a public translator from 1948 to 1951. In 1946, his first short story was published by Jorge Luis Borges. In 1951, he was awarded a scholarship by the French government to study in Paris. He left Argentina the same month that Bestiario (1951), his...

(The entire section is 616 words.)

Biography

(Masterpieces of World Literature, Critical Edition)

In theory and practice, Julio Cortázar seeks a total fictional renovation, not out of an eagerness for originality but out of necessity. This renovation consists of the destruction of character, situation, literary style, form, and language. His is an antiliterature that seeks to transgress the literary deed, the book. He wishes to open up the closed literary order—even to create disorder—to establish new perspectives.

Biography

Julio Cortázar was born in Belgium in 1914 and raised by his mother in a suburb of Buenos Aires, Argentina. Throughout his youth he...

(The entire section is 392 words.)

Biography

Cortazar was born to an Argentinian family living in Brussels, Belgium, in 1914. In 1918 he moved with his parents to their native Argentina....

(The entire section is 487 words.)