The Joy Luck Club The Joy Luck Club Summary and Analysis
by Amy Tan

The Joy Luck Club book cover
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The Joy Luck Club Summary and Analysis

New Characters:
Jing-mei (June) Woo: narrator of most of this story; age 36, daughter of Suyuan and Canning Woo

Suyuan Woo: narrator of part of the story; Jing-mei’s mother, Canning Woo’s wife, and founder of the Joy Luck Club. She dies two months before the story begins

Canning Woo: Suyuan’s husband; Jing-mei’s father

An-mei Hsu: Suyuan’s friend; one of the members of the Joy Luck Club

George Hsu: An-mei’s husband

Lindo Jong: Suyuan’s “best friend and arch rival”; one of the members of the Joy Luck Club
Ying-ying St. Clair: Suyuan’s friend; one of the members of the Joy Luck Club

Uncle Jack: Ying-ying’s younger brother

Waverly Jong: Lindo’s daughter, one month younger than Jing-mei

Lena St. Clair: Ying-ying’s daughter

Jing-mei, the narrator, attends a meeting of the Joy Luck Club to replace her mother, who has died two months earlier. The story flashes back to Suyuan and Canning Woo’s arrival in San Francisco. Suyuan invites three other women to start the Joy Luck Club. As Jing-mei remembers what her mother told her about the first Joy Luck Club, in China, the story shifts, and Suyuan becomes the narrator.

Suyuan’s first husband, an officer in the Kuomintang, had sent her and their twin daughters to Kweilin to escape the invading Japanese. To fight misery and despair, she started the Joy Luck Club with three other women. One morning an army officer warned her the Japanese were about to invade. She packed her daughters and some household belongings into a stolen wheelbarrow and fled on foot. When she arrived in Chungking, however, she had only the clothes she wore. When Jing-mei asks what happened to the babies, Suyuan says only, “Your father is not my first husband. You are not those babies.”

The story returns to the American Joy Luck Club, now a successful stock investment club. After eating, the women play mah jong, with Jing-mei taking her mother’s place. While they play, the aunties gossip and talk about their children.

When Jing-mei rises to leave, the aunties ask her to stay. Ying-ying tells her Suyuan had never given up hope of finding her twin daughters. Just after her death, someone found them. The aunties give Jing-mei a check for $1,200 and tell her to visit her sisters and tell them about her mother. Jing-mei protests that she doesn’t know what to tell them. The aunties, incredulous, point out different facets of Suyuan she can talk about.

Jing-mei suddenly understands that they are afraid their own daughters also don’t know anything about them. She says, “I will remember everything about her and tell them.” Doubtful but hopeful, they return to telling stories, leaving Jing-mei sitting at the mah jong table, “on the East, where things begin.”

The Joy Luck Club” is the title of both the novel and this story. Author Amy Tan introduces and explains the concept of “joy luck” by showing two different Joy Luck Clubs in action.

The first Joy Luck Club, in Kweilin, shielded the women’s spirits against the harsh living conditions and constant threat of war. Suyuan had dreamed of visiting Kweilin, a place of great natural beauty, where she thought she would be perfectly happy. Instead, she and the other refugees lived with bad food, disease, overcrowding, and uncertainty. To combat their fear, the women played mah jong once a week. “Each week we could hope to be lucky. That hope was our only joy. And that’s how we came to call our little parties Joy Luck.”

The second Joy Luck Club, in San Francisco, offered hope to women with a common bond. Jing-mei says:

My mother could sense that the women of these families also had unspeakable tragedies they had left behind in China and hopes they couldn’t begin to express in their fragile English.

The second Joy Luck Club becomes an investment group and social gathering by the time Jing-mei is an adult, and the women have formed strong friendships.

“Joy luck” has become a concept the women would like to pass on to their...

(The entire section is 1,067 words.)