How do dreams in Joy Kogawa’s novels link past with present?
While the issei (born in Japan) Canadians were quiet and respectful, how does their belief in itsuka (“some day” things will be better) motivate their more vocal subsequent generations?
What images of roots does Kogawa use to counterbalance uprooting in the plot?
How does Kogawa use silence as a way of speaking?
Discuss how the past eats at characters with its pain but also feeds them with its wisdom.
As Naomi’s family was moved during and after the war, how are they isolated and how are they joined to community?
Compare Naomi’s two aunts, Obasan and Aunt Emily. How do they influence Naomi?
Discuss the differences between Naomi, who cares for her aging Obasan and her brother Stephen, who hates his aunt and flees home as soon as he can and refuses to have anything to do with her.