The Journey to the West by Wu Chengen

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Quotes

The first section of the story deals with the Monkey King, a trickster who rebels against paradise and the rest of the deities, thinking himself stronger than any other. Ultimately, only Buddha can contain him. The author says:

The dear Great Sage hurriedly braced himself to jump, but the Buddha turned his hand over and pushed the Monkey King out through the Western Gate of Heaven. He turned his five fingers into a mountain chain belonging to the elements Metal, Wood, Water, Fire, and Earth, renamed them the Five Elements Mountain, and gently held him down.

The Monkey King stays there for 500 years until the monk is sent to retrieve him as a companion on the journey to return the Buddhist scriptures from India to China. Along the way, the Monkey King has to earn forgiveness for his actions in the past.

People in the story are punished or rewarded for their deeds. For example, the monk's father is thought killed by a ferryman who usurps his wife and title. After the man's crimes are revealed and he's killed for them, the monk's father appears. He says,

It is all because we bought and released that golden carp when we were staying at the Ten Thousand Flowers Inn: the carp, it turned out, was the local dragon king. When that treasonous murderer pushed me into the water I was rescued by the dragon king, who has given me back my soul and presented me with all the treasures I have on me. I never had any idea that you had borne this son, or that my father−in−law had avenged me. Our sorrows are now at an end. This is a very happy moment indeed.

Because of their faithfulness and kindness, they're reunited after long years apart. If they hadn't kindly released the carp who happened to be the dragon king, the father would have died when the ferryman murdered him.

The travelers are helped along by various deities in their quest. The things they face are beyond the comprehension of mortal people and may have been impossible to face without the strength and magic of the monk's companions. The author says:

"I personally asked the Jade Emperor to put the dragon here as a mount for the pilgrim," said the Bodhisattva. "Do you think an ordinary horse would be able to cross the thousands of mountains and rivers to reach the Buddha−land on the Vulture Peak? Only a dragon horse will be able to do...

(The entire section is 630 words.)