Journey Across Time: The Early Ages provides an in-depth look at the ancient world and beyond. The textbook begins with a look at the shift from nomadic hunting and gathering to sedentary agriculturalism. An examination of what is needed for a civilization to prosper is given, touching on job specialization and the invention of tools in the ancient civilizations of Mesopotamia, Israel, and Egypt. Special attention is paid to the development of government and social organization.

The classical world is explored through the lens of Greek and Roman history. The rise of cultural and intellectual aspects of these civilizations is analyzed and special attention is paid to the rise and fall of the Roman Empire. Additionally, the birth of Jesus and the rise of Christianity are a special focus as the impact of religion throughout the Mediterranean is considered.

The role of religion in the ancient world is explored through the development of Indian and Chinese civilizations. These cultures are analyzed in terms of their political structures as well as the development of Hinduism and Buddhism and the role that these religions played in their respective cultures. Also covered is the life of Mohammed and the development of Islam and the ensuing Islamic empire.

The Middle Ages are looked at in terms of Chinese, African, and Japanese civilizations. Medieval Europe is also covered including the role of the church, feudalism, and the Crusades. Finally, the development of civilization in the Americas and Renaissance Europe are covered in the last section of the text.

Journey Across Time: The Early Ages also offers a "Skillbuilder Handbook," which offers hints on notetaking, outlining, and drawing inferences. A number of primary sources are included, such as excerpts from the Talmud, Pericles's Funeral Oration, and the Magna Carta. "Tools of the Historian" are included to help students better understand the history presented in the text. Finally, themes of history and geography are also covered, including location, place, human/environment interaction, movement, and region.