Other literary forms
Jonathan Franzen has published numerous essays in magazines and journals such as The New Yorker, Harper’s, Details, and Graywolf, essays with a common underlying theme: the conflict between individuality and mass culture. In 2002, these essays were published in the collection How to Be Alone. Franzen also has published articles in the form of the memoir. His 2006 book The Discomfort Zone: A Personal History explores the difficulties associated with growing up in the American Midwest and assimilating its contradictory values.