John McPhee

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John Angus McPhee is among the twentieth century’s most acute observers of the natural world, but he cannot be classified as a “nature writer.” His range is wide, from biographies and portraits of athletes, leaders of conservation movements, and educators to books about geology, physics, new inventions, and ordinary people doing ordinary jobs. Born and reared in Princeton, New Jersey, he gravitated toward the university there and graduated in 1953. By 1957 he was a staff writer for Time. In 1965 he became a staff member of and a regular contributor of nonfiction to The New Yorker, where much of his work first appeared.

McPhee’s early books centered on sports, education, and New Jersey. A Sense of Where You Are, the piece which established him as a contributor to The New Yorker, is about the Princeton career of basketball star Bill Bradley, who later became a United States senator; Levels of the Game looks closely at a single tennis match between Arthur Ashe and Clark Graebner. The Headmaster is a portrait of the famous principal of Deerfield Academy, Frank Boyden, who ran the school in idiosyncratic fashion for sixty-eight years. The Pine Barrens looks at the history and people of an isolated backwater in New Jersey that is physically close but spiritually and economically distant from the urban world of the northeastern corridor.

These books convey a sense of the breadth of McPhee’s interests and the diversity of his subjects. They share very little except McPhee’s interest in and skill at conveying unusual people and settings, as well as his skill at precise and detailed description. He is a conscientious researcher, spending time observing his subjects and listening to anyone about whom he intends to write and anyone else who knows about his subject. He returns again and again, if necessary, to be sure that he has all the necessary information.

His classic study of Alaska, Coming into the Country, for example, is based on months spent in the largest of the states, especially in the remote community of Eagle and in hazardous trips through the remote regions of the interior. The book is a combination of acute observations of the natural world and its wildlife, the humans who have chosen to live in a hostile environment, and the social and economic forces that will determine its future. At the same time, Coming into the Country, like McPhee’s other books, provides the reader with insights into the mind and spirit of the writer. McPhee is an objective observer, but he is not detached from his subjects; he does not hide behind his own objectivity.

In the 1980’s, McPhee began to write on the geology of the United States. The books about geology deal with different sections of the United States, roughly following the line of Interstate Highway 80 as it crosses the country from New Jersey to the West. In each of the books McPhee includes oblique portraits of the people who instruct him in the geology of particular areas, gives insights into the social and economic forces at work in those areas, and describes geological formations and processes in terms available to the general reader.

McPhee, like the geologists who teach him, is interested in mountains and unusual geologic formations; the flatlands of Ohio and the prairies of the Middle West are geologically of little interest. Basin and Range is a study of the geology of the Great Basin of the West, the desert areas of Nevada and Utah surrounded by mountains. It is an area of abandoned gold mines and few people,...

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and McPhee finds those people as fascinating as the history of the land they inhabit.In Suspect Terrain finds him crossing the eastern part of the United States along Interstate 80. He is in the company of a geologist who stops frequently at cuts made by the highway builders to inspect aspects of the terrain revealed by the dynamite and the bulldozers. McPhee uses the woman’s somewhat prickly character to convey the fascination of geology and to make the sometimes difficult material more accessible to the reader. Rising from the Plains incorporates the story of a woman who went to Wyoming in the nineteenth century to teach school and later became the mother of the geologist who instructs McPhee in the ways of the Rocky Mountains. In the fourth volume in this series, Assembling California, McPhee again seeks expert help, this time in an effort to understand plate tectonics. Not surprisingly, McPhee manages to explain this complex theory in terms which almost anyone can comprehend.

In The Control of Nature, McPhee demonstrates his continuing interest in the environment by presenting dramatic accounts of three attempts by human beings to thwart nature. However, McPhee’s curiosity seems limitless. Looking for a Ship (published in The New Yorker in 1990 in three parts) is about working on a freighter, and The Ransom of Russian Art is an exciting story about a virtuous smuggler, who saw to it that art works by Russian dissidents found their way to freedom. The Founding Fish is a study of the shad and the people who fish it.

McPhee’s range and interests have broadened as he has developed as a writer. Always an accurate and precise observer, he has covered broader subjects as he has become more assured in his craft. The focus of some of his earlier books has widened to include historical and social forces, while he has never lost interest in the individual. McPhee is a deceptively brilliant stylist: always clear, never condescending, evocative and sometimes moving in his descriptions.