Other Literary Forms

(Critical Edition of Dramatic Literature)

John Lyly continues, unfortunately, to be most remembered for his early prose works, Euphues, the Anatomy of Wit (1578) and Euphues and His England (1580). These works uneasily combine the values of moralistic Humanism with the erotic subject matter and psychological potential of the Italian novella; these two elements are overlaid and indeed overwhelmed by the famous style, subsequently labeled “euphuism.” Both Lyly’s own contemporaries and scholars have also assigned Lyly the authorship of Pap with an Hatchet (1589), a turgid religious tract published anonymously in the course of the Martin Marprelate controversy.