What is the concept of the social contract according to John Locke?

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For Locke, the social contract is an agreement between people to set up a government that will rule over all of them.

To Locke, the state of nature is basically peaceful, but it is not guaranteed to remain that way.  It is possible for conflict to break out, leading to the loss of life, liberty, or property.  Obviously, people do not want this.  Therefore, they make a contract among themselves.  In the contract, they create a government that is meant to be a neutral enforcer of the people‚Äôs rights.  The government exists only by the consent of the people and its only purpose is to protect their rights.

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