Johann von Goethe Wolfgang Criticism: Iphigenie Auf Tauris - Essay

John N. Hritzu (essay date 1944)

(Drama Criticism)

SOURCE: Hritzu, John N. “Dramatic Irony in Goethe's Iphigenie auf Tauris.Monatshefte 36, no. 5 (May 1944): 217-23.

[In the following essay, Hritzu commends Goethe's development of dramatic irony in his Iphigenie auf Tauris.]

Irony of various species is a favorite device in all dramatic literature. Irony may be tragic, it may be dramatic; it may be directed consciously by the speaker, it may develop unconsciously; it may be sarcastic or ridiculous, satirical or humorous. In tragedy, especially in Greek tragedy, we are accustomed to that species of irony known as tragic. This species is employed when some catastrophe is about to befall a character in the...

(The entire section is 2956 words.)

Martin Swales (essay date October 1994)

(Drama Criticism)

SOURCE: Swales, Martin. “‘Die neue sitte’ and Metaphors of Secular Existence: Reflections on Goethe's Iphigenie.Modern Language Review 89, no. 4 (October 1994): 902-15.

[In the following essay, Swales surveys the major thematic concerns in Iphigenie auf Tauris.]

Whatever kind of work Goethe's Iphigenie auf Tauris may be held to be, it is not usually described as a ‘problem play’. On the contrary: in its (to invoke a famous phrase) ‘avoidance of tragedy’, in its conciliatory glory, it is frequently (and particularly by present-day students, in my experience) felt to be problematic only in virtue of its non-problematic condition: that is,...

(The entire section is 7156 words.)