Johann Valentin Andreae Criticism - Essay

Felix Emil Held (essay date 1916)

(Literary Criticism (1400-1800))

SOURCE: "More's Utopia, Campanella's Civitas Solis, and the Christianopolis" in Christianopolis: An Ideal State of the Seventeenth Century, translated by Felix Emil Held, Oxford University Press, 1916, pp. 16-40.

[In the following excerpt, Held compares Christianopolis with other seminal Utopian works, and describes Andreae's conception of the utopian state.]

[The] chief differences between the works of More and Campanella as compared with Andreae, are not to be superficially sought in [external characteristics]…. The plan and conception of the three seem to be essentially different.

More was closely in touch with...

(The entire section is 5453 words.)

Lewis Mumford (essay date 1922)

(Literary Criticism (1400-1800))

SOURCE: An excerpt from The Story of Utopias, Boni and Liveright, Inc., 1922, pp. 81-99.

[In the following excerpt from his critical study The Story of Utopias, Mumford analyzes Andreae 's Utopian vision in the Christianopolis with an emphasis on the structure of the city, industry, and society.]

[The] man who next conducts us into Utopia is a Humanist scholar. After the manner of his time, he answers to the latinized name, Johann Valentin Andreæ. He is a traveller, a social reformer, and above all things a preacher; and so the vision he imparts to us of Christianopolis seems occasionally to flicker into blackness whilst he moralizes for us and tells us...

(The entire section is 4897 words.)

Marie Louise Berneri (essay date 1950)

(Literary Criticism (1400-1800))

SOURCE: "Valentin Andreae: Christianopolis," in Journey Through Utopia, 1950. Reprint by The Beacon Press, 1951, pp. 103-26.

[In the following essay, Berneri provides an overview of the main characteristics of Andreae's Christianopolis, with a focus on the areas of work, education, and marriage.]

Andreae's Christianopolis was published in 1619, only seventeen years after Campanella wrote his City of the Sun, yet it bears a much closer resemblance to the reformist utopias of the 19th century than to that of the Calabrian monk. Johann Valentin Andreae, the German scholar and humanist, has much in common with the cotton manufacturer and great...

(The entire section is 9655 words.)

Ernst Bloch (essay date 1959)

(Literary Criticism (1400-1800))

SOURCE: "Andreae's Chemical Wedding of Christian Rosenkreutz anno 1459," in The Principle of Hope, Neville Plaice, Stephen Plaice, and Paul Knight, trans., Basil Blackwell, 1986, pp. 634-39.

[In this excerpt from The Principle of Hope, originally published in German as Das Prinzip Hoffnung in 1959, Bloch examines the allegorical significance of Andreae's Chemical Wedding and the Christianopolis.]

The Chemical Wedding of Christian Rosenkreutz anno 1459 appeared in 1616, it aims at a broader 'refinement' than that of base metal into gold. The author of this anonymously published work is almost certainly Johann Valentin Andreae, Swabian...

(The entire section is 2415 words.)

John Warwick Montgomery (essay date 1973)

(Literary Criticism (1400-1800))

SOURCE: "Andreae's Life from the Sources," in Cross and Crucible: Johann Valentin Andreae (1586-1654), Phoenix of the Theologians. Vol. I, Martinus Nijhoff, 1973, pp. 24-111.

[In the following excerpt from his Cross and Crucible, Montgomery emphasizes the continuity of Andreae's Christian philosophy throughout his life and dismisses "the questionable efforts on the part of some (both 'occultists' on the left and 'orthodoxists' on the right) to drive a wedge between Andreae's allegedly 'radical' youth and 'conservative' manhood."]

While preparing himself for ordination, Andreae lived at the famous Tübinger Stift, whose roster of famous stipendiarii over...

(The entire section is 4078 words.)

Frank E. Manuel and Fritzie P. Manuel (essay date 1979)

(Literary Criticism (1400-1800))

SOURCE: "Andreae, Pastor of Christianopolis," in Utopian Thought in the Western World, Cambridge, Mass.: The Belknap Press of Harvard University, 1979, pp. 289-308.

(The entire section is 4142 words.)

Hugh Powell (essay date 1988)

(Literary Criticism (1400-1800))

SOURCE: "Johann Valentin Andreae: A Practising Idealist of the Seventeenth Century," in German Life and Letters, Vol. 41, No. 4, July, 1988, pp. 363–70.

[In the following essay, Powell gives a brief overview of Andreae's life and discusses his satiric drama Turbo.]

In our universities students are encouraged to see [Johann Gottfried von] Herder as mentor of the 'Sturm and Drang' and inaugurator of the classical age in German literature. What they are generally not told is that, in addition to reviving old folk-songs and ballads, Herder was also active in rescuing from oblivion writers of the century immediately preceding his own—amongst them Johann Valentin Andreae...

(The entire section is 3734 words.)