Jane Kenyon Biography


(Poets and Poetry in America)

Jane Kenyon grew up on the outskirts of Ann Arbor, Michigan, on a rural road across from a working farm, which instilled in her a love for country living and gardening. The household was alive with music, which nurtured Kenyon’s lifelong love for all musical forms. Kenyon’s father, Reuel Kenyon, was a jazz musician who had toured Europe before returning to the United States during the Depression era to play nightclubs. At one such club, he met Pauline, an eighteen-year-old nightclub singer. After marrying, they settled down near Ann Arbor, taking their love of and talent for music with them. In addition to playing clubs, Reuel started teaching piano. When Jane’s older brother, Reuel, Jr., was born, her mother, a skilled seamstress, began taking in commissioned work and providing sewing lessons. Music still dominated the house. Two upright pianos stood in the living room; a large phonograph stood in the hallway. Jane fell asleep at night listening to the strains of classical music drifting up to her second-story bedroom.

Jane Kenyon attended a rural, one-room schoolhouse (with only three other children in her grade level) from kindergarten through the fourth grade. In the fifth grade, she began riding a bus to a large Ann Arbor school. Nearly nine hundred students were in her graduating high school class. The greatest influences on her development during her school years were her relationship with her grandmother, Dora Kenyon, the subject of several poems and essays, and the receipt of a book of poetry. Kenyon’s grandmother, a devoutly religious woman who believed that the Apocalypse could come at any moment, followed a rigorous body of rules to ensure her salvation and expected her granddaughter to follow them as well. Kenyon did not take kindly to her grandmother’s theology, and by the time she was in junior high, she had renounced all religious practices....

(The entire section is 768 words.)


(Great Authors of World Literature, Critical Edition)

Born in Ann Arbor, Michigan, and raised on the outskirts of town, Jane Kenyon lived on a dirt road across from a farm and attended a one-room school until the fifth grade. Kenyon started to write poetry in junior high school and continued writing in college, winning a Hopwood Award while attending the University of Michigan. Majoring in English, she earned her B.A. in 1970 and her M.A. in 1972.

Kenyon’s poetry and life were largely shaped around her marriage with the poet Donald Hall. They met in 1969 when he was teaching at the University of Michigan. Hall began courting Kenyon in 1971, and they married in 1972. In 1975 Hall resigned from Michigan, where he had taught since 1957, and Kenyon and Hall moved to Eagle Pond Farm, a Wilmot, New Hampshire, farm settled by Hall’s great-grandfather.

Kenyon’s first book, From Room to Room, was published in 1978 by Alice James Press, the New England poetry cooperative of which Kenyon was a member. She founded and coedited a poetry magazine (Green House) from 1976 to 1980 and served on the New Hampshire State Council on the Arts. She was awarded a Guggenheim Foundation Fellowship in 1992 and a PEN/Voelcker Award for Poetry in 1994. She and Hall were featured in the Emmy Award-winning television special A Life Together, hosted by Bill Moyers. At the time of her death, she was the poet laureate of New Hampshire.

By her own admission, Kenyon “didn’t really...

(The entire section is 536 words.)