Other literary forms

(Poets and Poetry in America)

Besides her work as a poet, Jane Hirshfield has written a major work on the craft and philosophy of poetry: Nine Gates: Entering the Mind of Poetry (1997). Nine Gates treats the gates through which readers and writers pass as they learn what poetry brings to life and how it works. Patricia Kirkpatrick considers this volume of essays as addressing “not only ways to read and write, but a way to live.” The Ink Dark Moon: Love Poems by Ono no Komachi and Izumi Shikibu, Women of the Ancient Court of Japan (1988, expanded 1990) is a series of translations from the Japanese with cotranslator Mariko Aratani, and Women in Praise of the Sacred: Forty-three Centuries of Spiritual Poetry by Women(1994) is ananthology of inspirational poetry by women from 2300 b.c.e. to the twentieth century. Both of these collections attempt to make more widely known the works of historical women poets whose work has often been neglected and marginalized. They are attempts to contradict the lingering myth that women throughout history have not written significant poetry.