Why does Jane hide when Mr. Brocklehurst visits Lowood School in Jane Eyre?

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Jane hides from Mr. Brocklehurst when he visits Lowood because she is fearful that he will follow through on his promise to Mrs. Reed and ruin her reputation at her new school.

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In Charlotte Bronte's Jane Eyre, Jane hides from Mr. Brocklehurst when he visits Lowood.

Jane first meets Mr. Brocklehurst early in the novel, while she is living with her cruel aunt and cousins. Mr. Brocklehurst is the proprietor of Lowood, a school which Jane hopes to attend.

Mr. Brocklehurst is a stern man who leaves a bad impression on Jane. He asks her many questions about religion and implies that she will go to hell if she continues to misbehave. When Jane says she is not fond of Psalms, Mr. Brocklehurst is appalled and thinks that she has a "wicked heart." He is quick to believe Mrs. Reed when she says Jane is disobedient, defiant, and a habitual liar. Mr. Brocklehurst promises Mrs. Reed that he will warn Jane's teachers and schoolmates of her supposed waywardness and propensity for lying.

For Jane's first month at Lowood, there is no sign of Mr. Brocklehurst. She is terrified when she learns he is visiting the school. She tries to hide from him because she fears he will make good on his promise to Mrs. Reed. Her fears come to pass. While attempting to hide, Jane nervously drops her slate, inadvertently attracting Mr. Brocklehurst's attention. He becomes infuriated, chastises Jane, and tells the staff and students of Lowood that she is deceitful. He then makes Jane stand on a stool and orders her schoolmates to ignore her for the remainder of the day.

Jane is later vindicated when Miss Temple confirms Jane's innocence by contacting Mr. Lloyd and publicly announces to the school that Jane is innocent of the accusations against her.

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