Jane Eyre Character Analysis Lesson Plan
- Release Date: July 22, 2019
- Subjects: Language Arts and Literature
- Age Levels: Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12, and Grade 9
- Pages: 19
Themes Revealed Through Dynamic Character Development:
This lesson plan focuses on Jane Eyre as a dynamic character whose moral and spiritual development reveal and reinforce major themes in the novel. Students will examine Jane Eyre as a dynamic character by comparing and contrasting her feelings, motivations, and actions at various key points throughout the novel. In studying how Jane Eyre’s character changes over the course of the novel, students will be better able to describe and understand key themes in the text.
By the end of this lesson, students will be able to
- define and explain dynamic characters and explain how Jane Eyre’s character changes over the course of the plot;
- compare and contrast Jane’s feelings and motivations at key turning points in the novel;
- identify and describe two major themes that can be drawn from how Jane is characterized in the novel.
Skills: close reading, comparing and contrasting, drawing inferences from passages in the text, character analysis, drawing themes from the text
Common Core Standards: RL.9-10.1, RL.9-10.2, RL.9-10.3, SL.9-10.1
Though immensely popular among the general public, Charlotte Brontë’s (1816–1855) now-iconic Jane Eyre garnered both high praise and harsh criticism from literary critics when it was first published in 1847. Responding to the scandalous romance between the characters of Jane and Mr. Rochester, Elizabeth Rigby of the Quarterly Review deemed the novel “anti-Christian.” Its popularity, she insisted, “is a proof how deeply the love for illegitimate romance is implanted in our nature.” Conversely, author and critic George Lewes praised the novel’s realism, saying that “reality—deep, significant reality—is the great characteristic of the book.” Lewes also correctly observed that Jane Eyre’s author “is evidently a woman,” which Brontë found disappointing and unnecessary. She initially published the novel under the masculine pen name Currer Bell because Victorian society valued female writers less than their male peers.
Jane Eyre is simultaneously a bildungsroman—or coming-of-age story—and a gothic novel. It follows the moral and spiritual development of Jane Eyre, an orphan seeking both independence and acceptance in Victorian society. The rebellious scandalousness criticized by reviewers like Elizabeth Rigby is due in part to the novel’s questioning of Victorian values, particularly the institution of marriage and limited place of women in a male-dominated society. Furthermore, the lyrical intensity—sometimes bordering on the fantastic or supernatural—with which the novel expresses Jane’s thoughts and feelings was previously only seen in poetry. In many ways, Jane Eyre revolutionized both fiction and the novel form.
Like many bildungsromane, Jane Eyre’s key themes are best understood in the context of the personal and moral development of its protagonist. At the start of the novel, Jane is a dependent, undisciplined, and emotional child. She relies entirely on her aunt, a woman who, along with Mr. Brocklehurst, attempts to instill in Jane the Victorian values of humility and obedience, and convince her of her inferior place in society as a woman.
However, over the course of the novel, the headstrong Jane acquires independence through education, creativity, and hard work. With her autonomy and self-sufficiency, Jane embodies the novel’s rejection of the Victorian notion that women do not require the intellectual and creative stimulation that men do. Furthermore, the novel questions the traditional class boundaries that separate Jane from the upper-class Mr. Rochester. Indeed, Jane eventually elevates herself to become his equal by the end of the novel. Whether read as a broad-scale rejection of Victorian values or as a progressive proto-feminist work, Jane Eyre continues to appeal to readers well over a century after its publication and will doubtlessly endure as a staple in English classrooms for a long time to come.
Our eNotes Lesson Plans have been developed to meet the demanding needs of today’s educational environment. Each lesson incorporates collaborative activities with textual analysis, targeting on discrete learning objectives. We've aligned all of these lessons to particular Common Core standards, and we list the specific standard met by each lesson. The main components of each plan include the following:
- An introduction to the text
- A step-by-step guide to lesson procedure
- Previous and following lesson synopses for preparation and extension ideas
- A collection of handouts and worksheets complete with answer keys