Jane Eyre Connections and Further Reading
by Charlotte Brontë

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Media Adaptations

(Novels for Students)

  • Jane Eyre has been the subject of numerous adaptations for other media. During the silent film era, there were at least three silent movie versions. The first talking picture adaptation was released in 1934. Written by Adele Comandini (based on Charlotte Bronte's book) and directed by Christy Cabanne, it starred Virginia Brace, Colin Clive, Beryl Mercer, Aileen Pringle, Jameson Thomas, David Torrence, and Lionel Belmore. Produced by Monogram Studios.
  • The most famous film version of Jane Eyre was adapted by John Houseman Aldous Huxley and Robert Stevenson and released in 1944. Directed by Stevenson, it starred Joan Fontaine, Orson Welles, Margaret O'Brien, Sara Allgood, Agnes Moorehead, and Elizabeth Taylor.
  • Franco Zeffirelli and Hugh Whitemore wrote the script for the 1996 film version of Jane Eyre, directed by Zeffirelli. This version starred Charlotte Gainsbourg, William Hurt, Anna Paquin, Joan Plowright, Billie Whitelaw, Elle Macpherson, Geraldine Chaplin, and John Wood.
  • The first adaptation of Jane Eyre for television was broadcast in 1939 on the NBC network. Produced and directed by Edward Sobol, this version starred Flora Campbell, Dennis Hoey, Effie Shannon, Daisy Belmore, and Ruth Mattheson.
  • While there have been other adaptations of Jane Eyre for television since 1939, critics have noted that the most faithful one is the BBC's television mini-series adaptation of Jane Eyre produced in 1983. Directed by Julian Aymes, it starred Zelah Clarke and Timothy Dalton.
  • Jane Eyre has lent itself to numerous adaptations for the stage. A recent version included one for a 1996 regional touring production in England, adapted and directed by Charles Vance.
  • The book was recorded, unabridged, in a series of four sound cassettes, read by Juliet Stevenson. Available from BBC Enterprises Ltd., New York, NY, 1994.
  • An abridged recording read by Dame Wendy Hiller is available on two cassettes from Listen for Pleasure, Downsview, Ontario, Canada.

For Further Reference

(Beacham's Guide to Literature for Young Adults)

Alexander, Christina. The Early Writing of Charlotte Bronte. Buffalo, NY: Prometheus Books, 1983. Analysis of Bronte's childhood writing and, according to Alexander, the "first attempt at a scholarly survey of the early manuscripts in their entirety."

Crompton, Margaret. Passionate Search: A Life of Charlotte Bronte. 1955. Reprint. Philadelphia: Century Bookbindery, 1982. An analysis of Bronte's relationships with her brother, sisters, friends, and suitors, including Arthur Bell Nicholls.

Gaskell, Elizabeth. The Life of Charlotte Bronte. 1857. Reprint. New York: Penguin, 1975. Written by a nineteenthcentury popular novelist, this was the first biography completed after Bronte's death. Gaskell had the cooperation of both Patrick Bronte and Arthur Bell Nicholls.

Gerin, Winifred. Charlotte Bronte: The Evolution of Genius. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1967. A comprehensive study of the "growth of Charlotte Bronte's moral and artistic stature," emphasizing the influence of her environment.

Kirkpatrick, D. L., ed. Twentieth Century Children's Writers. 2d ed. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1983. Contains a bibliography of Kyle's works and brief critical comments.

Knies, Earl A. The Art of Charlotte Bronte. Athens: Ohio University Press, 1969. An analysis of Bronte's novels that emphasizes her artistry and contains an extensive bibliography.

Peters, Margot. Charlotte Bronte: Style in the Novel. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1973. A study of Bronte's prose style.

Unquiet Soul: A Bibliography of Charlotte Bronte.Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1975. A feminist psychological study.

Ratchford, Fannie Elizabeth. The Brontes' Web of Childhood. New York: Russell and Russell, 1964. An examination of the Brontes' childhood writing that attempts to resolve "most of the long-studied, much discussed Bronte problems."

Vipont, Elfrida. Weaver of Dreams: The Girlhood of Charlotte Bronte. New York: Henry Z. Walck, 1966. An account of the lives of Charlotte and her sisters and brother, from the time the family moved to Haworth until Charlotte and her brother left home...

(The entire section is 1,958 words.)