Jane Eyre Chapters 20–22 Summary and Analysis
by Charlotte Brontë

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Chapters 20–22 Summary and Analysis

Chapter 20:

Later that night, Jane is startled by a loud, shrill cry and hears a commotion in the room above her, followed by a muffled shout for help. The guests, having all been awakened by the yell, pour into the hallway in a panic. Mr. Rochester soon appears and assures them that it was only a servant having a nightmare. Having heard the muffled sounds in the room above her, Jane knows this is not the case, and while the guests return to bed, she dresses and waits in her room. Soon, Mr. Rochester taps on the door and asks for her help. They go up to the third floor and Jane sees Mr. Mason bleeding profusely from a stab wound. Mr. Rochester leaves to get a surgeon and orders Jane to help staunch the bleeding in his absence. He commands that Jane and Mr. Mason not speak a single word to each other. About two hours later, Mr. Rochester returns with a surgeon who examines Mr. Mason’s injuries. They refer to the one who attacked Mr. Mason only as “she,” and Jane is extremely confused by Mr. Mason’s statement that he had sought “her” out, thinking his presence would be helpful, when “she” suddenly stabbed and bit him. At dawn, Mr. Mason is well enough to travel, and Mr. Rochester sends him away before the other guests awake.

After walking Mr. Mason to his carriage, Mr. Rochester and Jane remain in the garden, and he tells her a hypothetical story about a young man in a “remote foreign land” who commits a grave, life-altering error and then tries to console himself through debauchery. This man stays on his hedonistic path until he meets a good and moral “stranger.” He asks Jane whether the young man is justified in disregarding a “mere conventional impediment” in order to attach himself to such a person. She responds that the young man should seek his redemption in God, not another person. Mr. Rochester then speaks of his attachment to Miss Ingram, asking Jane, “Don't you think if I married her she would regenerate me with a vengeance?”

Chapter 21:

In the week that follows, Jane dreams of infants every night, prompting her to remember Bessie’s belief that dreams about children signal coming trouble. One day, Robert, Bessie’s husband and the coachman to Mrs. Reed, shows up at Thornfield. He informs Jane that her cousin John Reed is dead and that her aunt, Mrs. Reed, has fallen gravely ill. Mrs. Reed is now near death and has begun to ask repeatedly for Jane. Heeding her aunt’s request, Jane travels to Gateshead, where she meets Georgiana and Eliza. Georgiana is beautiful and shallow, while Eliza is plain and plans to enter a nunnery. The two sisters now despise each other. Jane wishes to make peace with Mrs. Reed, but her aunt, who is often delirious, cannot give up her hatred. One day, Mrs. Reed gives Jane an old letter from her father’s brother, John Eyre, that says he wishes to adopt Jane and bequeath his fortune upon her. Mrs. Reed admits that, despising the idea of Jane prospering, she lied and told him that Jane had died of typhus at Lowood. Jane offers her forgiveness, but Mrs. Reed shows no interest in repairing their relationship. Mrs. Reed dies later that night.

Chapter 22:

Jane stays at Gateshead for a few weeks after Mrs. Reed’s death, in large part because Georgiana and Eliza cannot bear to be left alone together. While at Gateshead, Jane receives a letter from Mrs. Fairfax that mentions Mr. Rochester’s intention to buy a new carriage—a sure sign of his intention to marry soon. Jane eventually leaves her cousins, revealing that Eliza went on to become the Mother Superior of her convent and Georgiana ultimately married a very wealthy man. Jane is eager to return to Thornfield and acknowledges that she has never felt excited about returning home before. As she walks toward Thornfield, she comes across Mr. Rochester, who tells her she has been gone too long. He mentions his new carriage and says he is sure it will suit the new Mrs. Rochester. Uncharacteristically, Jane tells him how...

(The entire section is 1,144 words.)