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Last Updated on August 6, 2019, by eNotes Editorial. Word Count: 625

Jacques the Fatalist and his Master (French: Jacques le fataliste et son maître) is а philosophical novel by Denis Diderot, written between 1765–1780 and published in 1796. It tells the story of a servant named Jacques and his anonymous master, who go on a journey across France and meet numerous characters and experience various adventures. With its comedic and humorous dialogue, the novel resembles a play, or more accurately, a comedy.

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Master: Do you pray?

Jacques: Sometimes.

Master: And what do you say?

Jacques: I say: "Thou who mad'st the Great Scroll, whatever Thou art, Thou whose finger hast traced the Writing Up Above, Thou hast known for all time what I needed, Thy will be done. Amen."

Master: Don't you think you would do just as well if you shut up?"

Jacques is a fatalist, or he believes that there is no free will. Everything that happens to humanity is predetermined by fate or from up above. Diderot reveals his character and describes his determinism in several instances.

“What does one say to somebody who says: ‘Whatever the sum total of the elements I am composed of I am still one entity. Now one cause has only one effect. I have always been one single cause and I have therefore only ever had one effect to produce. My existence in time is therefore nothing more than a series of necessary effects’?”

“Because, without knowing what is written up above, none of us knows what we want or what we are doing, and we follow our whims which we call reason, or our reason which is often nothing but a dangerous whim which sometimes turns out well, sometimes badly.”

“The enjoyment of freedom which could be exercised without any motivation would be the real hallmark of a maniac.”

Throughout the novel Diderot often communicates with the reader as well, treating him/her as a character in the story.

“To speak to you frankly, Reader, I find that you are the more wicked of the two of us. How satisfied would I be if it were as easy for me to protect myself from your calumny as it is for you to protect yourself from the boredom or the danger of my work!”

Jacques the Fatalist and his Master received a lot of positive reviews, mainly because of its high entertainment value and deeply philosophical narrative.

“No matter how much a man may study, reflect and...

(The entire section contains 625 words.)

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