*Newgate Prison. Famous London prison featured in the novel; named after the city’s fifth gate, which was added in the twelfth century. The prison in this novel was the latest (but not the last) in a long series, replacing one destroyed in the great London fire of 1666. The famous court of the Old Bailey was established nearby for convenience. Chapter 9 of the novel’s third part includes an elaborate description of the prison’s architecture, in order to give due credit to Jack’s two escapes, first from the Condemned Hold and then from the Stone Hold—allegedly its most terrible dungeon—where he is visited by painters anxious to obtain portraits of the notorious felon. (This, the most celebrated of Sheppard’s escapes, is lavishly illustrated by George Cruikshank’s steel engravings.) When Jack is sent back to Newgate for a third time, he is weighed down with inescapable fetters in the Middle Stone Ward. The other significant setting within the prison is the Press Room, where Blueskin is tortured. Jonathan Wild lives opposite the prison’s main gate, next door to the Cooper’s Arms.
*Moorfields. Site of London’s Old Bethlehem Hospital, erected in 1675, allegedly modeled on the French king Louis XIV’s Tuileries Palace, and popularly known as Bedlam. Mrs. Sheppard is confined here, a short distance to the north of Newgate. The “New Prison” in Clerkenwell, from which Jack escapes after the Dollis Hill robbery, is farther to the north.
*Southwark. District south of the River Thames connected...
(The entire section is 666 words.)