Other Literary Forms
In addition to writing plays, Jack Gelber translated Franz Xaver Kroetz’s play Farmyard, with Michael Roloff. The work was produced at the Yale Theatre in New Haven, Connecticut, on January 22, 1975, and published by Urizen the following year. In addition, the film version of The Connection, released in 1962, was based on Gelber’s screenplay adaptation. The movie, directed by Shirley Clarke, was screened at the Cannes Festival (1961) and banned as obscene by New York state, though the New York State Supreme Court later found the language in the movie not to be obscene. Gelber’s only nontheatrical literary endeavor was a novel, On Ice (1964). Some of the concepts that he deals with in this prose work reappear in Sleep.