J. V. Cunningham Analysis

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Other literary forms

(Poets and Poetry in America)

J. V. Cunningham wrote scholarly and critical essays on Statius, Geoffrey Chaucer, William Shakespeare, and Wallace Stevens, as well as on a number of other poets and aspects of poetry. He edited a literary anthology, The Renaissance in England (1966), and wrote commentaries on his own poetry under the titles The Quest of the Opal: A Commentary on “The Helmsman” (1950) and The Journal of John Cardan: Together with “The Quest of the Opal” and “The Problem of Form” (1964). The volume into which his prose was collected is extremely valuable in the study of his poetry, not only for his penetrating essays on style and form but also for his scholarly discussions of literary modes and periods, which cast light on his own poetic practice.

Achievements

(Poets and Poetry in America)

During the early 1930’s, when J. V. Cunningham was composing the first of the poems that he later considered worth printing, T. S. Eliot and Ezra Pound were exerting a powerful influence on modern poetry. In many respects a literary maverick, Cunningham objected particularly to the growing disregard of poetic meter and to Archibald MacLeish’s dictum that “A poem should not mean/ But be.” While pursuing degrees at Stanford University and beginning his career as an English instructor, Cunningham wrote uncompromisingly metrical poems that always meant something. Although he taught in several leading universities, he achieved prominence as scholar and poet only on his appointment as chair of the English department at the young Brandeis University in Waltham, Massachusetts, in 1953; thereafter, he gained many honors: Guggenheim Fellowships in 1959 and 1967, a National Institute of Arts and Letters Award in 1965, and designation as only the second University Professor at Brandeis in 1966. He was awarded an Academy of American Poets Fellowship in 1976.

His highly disciplined, concise, and intellectual poetry won acknowledgment from literary scholars such as Yvor Winters and Denis Donoghue, as well as from the makers of many poetry anthologies. In addition, Cunningham’s teaching influenced a younger generation of poets, particularly Alan Shapiro.

Bibliography

(Poets and Poetry in America)

Cunningham, J. V. Interview by Timothy Steele. Iowa Review 15 (Fall, 1985): 1-24. In this delightful and revealing look at Cunningham’s life and ideas about poetry, the poet describes writing poetry as a “professional task,” not a mystical act. He defends the practice of meter and abhors its decline in recent poetry.

Kerrigan, William. “J. V. Cunningham’s Meditation on Method.” Sewanee Review 109, no. 1 (Winter, 2001): 65. Praises Cunningham as the greatest writer of English epigrams since Ben Jonson.

Pinsky, Robert. “Two Examples of Poetic Discursiveness.” Chicago Review 27 (Fall, 1975): 133-141. Pinsky sees Cunningham’s “discursiveness” as a positive quality. It is “concise and accurate” and without the usual poetic devices of imagery and irony . He claims that this leads to poetry that has the power and...

(The entire section is 674 words.)