J. P. Donleavy Biography


(Great Authors of World Literature, Critical Edition)

ph_0111207076-Donleavy.jpg J. P. Donleavy Published by Salem Press, Inc.

James Patrick Donleavy (DUHN-lee-vee) is best known as a satiric novelist of ribald, black comedy, although he has also written short fiction and dramatic adaptations of some of his novels. Born in Brooklyn, the son of Irish immigrants who provided him with a secure middle-class upbringing, he moved from one preparatory school to another and after graduating served in the U.S. Navy in World War II. At its conclusion, he was lured to Ireland by intrigue with his family heritage, the writings of James Joyce, and Dublin’s earthy character; he entered Trinity College in 1946 to study microbiology, but he never completed his degree. After a brief stint as an artist, Donleavy returned to the United States in the early 1950’s to pursue a writing career. He became disillusioned with McCarthyism and the crass, soulless materialism he saw around him, however, and returned to Europe as an expatriate American writer. He became an Irish citizen in 1967. Donleavy was married twice; he was divorced from his first wife, Valerie Heron, with whom he had two children. With his wife Mary Wilson Price, with whom he also had two children, he settled in County Westmeath, Ireland.

Donleavy’s first, and most successful, novel is The Ginger Man, a book that had a rather rocky publishing history. Like many of Donleavy’s works, the novel is bawdy and loosely picaresque in style and quite personal in perspective. The protagonist, Sebastian Dangerfield, is reminiscent of the author, a navy veteran attending Trinity College in Dublin on the G.I. Bill. He spends most of his time, however, indulging his appetite for sex, liquor, and various barroom antics, both violent and obscene.

As an educated, amoral derelict who beats his wife, sleeps with anyone he chooses, steals, cheats, and swindles, Donleavy’s Dangerfield is a moody outlaw who challenges almost every moral and social convention imaginable. Yet with the earthiness of James Joyce and Henry Miller and the deft wit of a Restoration dramatist, Donleavy creates a darkly humorous story. Like his other works, this humorous satire of a contemporary materialistic society, dead in spirit, contains a sad undertow of Swiftian melancholy and outright despair. Donleavy’s characters take the reader on an enjoyable, offensive romp through a surrealistic, Kafkaesque landscape where loneliness and death, finally, are the only certainties which give existence its uncomfortable closure.

Employing Donleavy’s typical style of...

(The entire section is 1019 words.)


(Survey of Novels and Novellas)

James Patrick Donleavy was born of Irish parents in Brooklyn, New York, on April 23, 1926. After being educated at private schools, he served in the U.S. Navy during World War II. He saw no action in the service, but he did encounter the work of James Joyce through an English instructor at the Naval Preparatory School in Maryland. This combination of family background and reading interests led to his enrollment in Dublin’s Trinity College from 1946 to 1949, on funds provided by the American G.I. Bill. There he was registered to read natural sciences, but he has readily admitted that most of his energies were devoted to pub crawls with fellow American students such as Gainor Crist, the model for Sebastian Dangerfield in The Ginger Man, and A. K. O’Donoghue, the model for O’Keefe in the same novel.

Donleavy married Valerie Heron after leaving Trinity and briefly considered pursuing a career as a painter. He returned to the United States, where he finished The Ginger Man in 1951, but the novel was rejected by one publisher after another on the basis of its supposed obscenity. On his return to Dublin in 1954, he became friends with playwright and man-about-town Brendan Behan. Through Behan’s efforts, The Ginger Man, having been refused by some thirty-five American and British publishers, was accepted for publication in 1955 by the Olympia Press of Paris, a house whose main list of pornography enabled it to gamble on unusual...

(The entire section is 494 words.)