Other Literary Forms
J. G. Ballard wrote an impressive array of novels, all of which deal with the fantastic, and among which Crash (1973), Concrete Island (1974), High Rise (1975), and The Day of Creation (1987) are considered the best. Both Rushing to Paradise (1994) and Cocaine Nights (1996) are ostensibly set in the present, but they still contain Ballard’s trademark fascination with the surreal. His autobiographical novel Empire of the Sun (1984), which tackles the subject of his childhood in war-torn China, was made into a 1987 motion picture directed by Steven Spielberg. Ballard also wrote some literary and cultural criticism.