Italo Calvino 1923–
Italian novelist, short story writer, essayist, and editor.
Calvino's first novel, The Path to the Nest of Spiders, reflects his resistance activities during World War II, but his later work increasingly blends reality and fantasy. His innovative novel, If on a Winter's Night a Traveler, is a series of novel fragments within a frame story. This work and others such as Italian Folktales, Calvino's creative rendering of the folklore of Italy, have led to his reputation as one of Italy's most important and versatile modern authors.
(See also CLC, Vols. 5, 8, 11, and Contemporary Authors, Vols. 85-88.)