Why does Dr. Bledsoe expel the narrator from college in the novel Invisible Man?

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In the novel "Invisible Man", Dr. Bledsoe expels the narrator for revealing the harsh realities of the local black community to Mr. Norton, a white supporter of the college. As the college's president, Bledsoe aims to present a pleasing image to white benefactors to maintain their financial support. The narrator's actions, however, expose the poverty and moral complexities of the community, which Bledsoe sees as a threat to his power and the college's funding.

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In Ralph Ellison’s Invisible Man , Dr. Bledsoe expels the unnamed narrator because he has shown a white supporter of the college a negative aspect of the town. Indeed, the narrator drives Mr. Norton through the poverty-stricken section of the town near the college and they meet Jim Trueblood,...

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a black man who has impregnated his own daughter. When Mr. Norton passes out from heat and exhaustion, the narrator again brings him into a disreputable bar called The Golden Day. When the narrator finally brings Mr. Norton back to the college, Dr. Bledsoe is furious that the narrator showed him the rougher parts of the area:

“Haven't you the sense God gave a dog? We take these white folks where we want them to go, we show them what we want them to see. Don't you know that? I thought you had some sense” (102).

After exposing his true nature as a calloused man concerned only with maintaining his own position in society, Dr. Bledsoe expels the narrator, and the narrator sets off to New York City in order to find work. The fact that the narrator has been expelled changes the course of his life and is yet another experience that hardens him.

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In The Invisible Man, why does Dr. Bledsoe expel the narrator from college?

The Southern college that the narrator attends is modeled on Tuskegee Institute in Alabama, which was founded by Booker T. Washington. This detail is important because, like Washington, Bledsoe relies on wealthy, white philanthropists (Mr. Norton), to fund the college.

Bledsoe's intent in hiring the narrator to take Mr. Norton around was to show Norton all of the good that his money could do for "uplifting" the race. When the narrator digressed from Bledsoe's instructions and took Mr. Norton out to the old slave quarters where they met Trueblood, he showed Mr. Norton aspects of black identity—of human identity, really—that Dr. Bledsoe did not want the white man to see.

Bledsoe's problem with the narrator is that the young man did not have the "sense to lie." Though he insists that Norton wanted to go out to the old quarters, Bledsoe counters that black people have to know how give white people what they want by lying to them:

Why, the dumbest black bastard in the cotton patch knows that the only way to please a white man is to tell him a lie! What kind of education are you getting around here?

In this respect, the narrator had also failed, at this point, to learn the lesson of his grandfather's deathbed speech—to "undermine 'em with yeses." When the narrator threatens to fight the college president's threat of expulsion, Bledsoe is calm and amused:

Tell anyone you like. I don't care. . . . I's big and black and I say 'Yes, suh' as loudly as any burrhead when it's convenient, but I'm still the king down here. . . . The only ones [white people] I pretend to please are big white folk, and even those I control more than they control me.

He goes on to explain that even if Norton says that he does not want the narrator punished, he really does, and he will when Dr. Bledsoe, who believes that he has insight into the true desires of white people's interests, tells him that the narrator should be punished. According to Bledsoe, the notion that the narrator is lying will appeal to Norton's desire of what he wants to be true. What Bledsoe is implying is that Norton wants to believe that black people are dishonest and out to do harm. If that lie helps to keep Bledsoe in power, he will tell it: "I'll have every Negro hanging on tree limbs by morning if it means staying where I am."

The answer to your question goes beyond the previous educator's mention of internalized racism (the feeling of being inferior) and oppression among black people. Bledsoe is a man who has learned how to manipulate white racism and supremacy to his advantage, not unlike the house slave who improved his conditions by telling on disobedient slaves or even lying about their actions to please the master and reinforce his negative ideas about black people. Bledsoe has constructed an image of himself as exceptional—as one of the "good ones"—an image that relies on black people, collectively, being bad or less worthy.

Bledsoe expels the narrator to maintain his power, which is clearly not as self-assured as he thinks it is, otherwise he would not have to tell lies about black people to reinforce white supremacy. He expels the narrator for being poorly conditioned and not understanding that any power that a black person has in the South—in the entire country, really, at this time—relies on knowing that you cannot really act as an individual, but only in the service of white interests.

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In The Invisible Man, why does Dr. Bledsoe expel the narrator from college?

Dr. Bledsoe, as the principal of the narrator's college, of course has the power to expel the narrator. However, what triggers this expulsion is when the narrator takes Mr. Norton, an important guest of the college, to the slave quarters and to the Golden Day, even though the narrator was asked by Mr. Norton himself to take him there. In rather a shocking speech, Dr. Bledsoe calls the narrator an insulting word used to denigrate blacks, and then expells him, simultaneously slamming down a shackle on his desk to emphasise his words. For Dr. Bledsoe, a black man himself, to act in this way reinforces the way that racism and oppression does not only occur between different ethnic groupings but also within ethnic groupings. In spite of the obvious unfairness and injustice of this action, forgetting the insulting nature of it for one moment, the narrator is told very clearly that he has no other option but to accept his expulsion and leave.

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