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Last Updated on June 17, 2019, by eNotes Editorial. Word Count: 418

"The Invisible Man" is a detective story written by G. K. Chesterton which concerns the nature of the crimes committed by one James Welkin, who had been harassing Laura Hope and menacing his romantic rival, Isidore Smythe (whom he would later murder), all without ever being seen.

The central point-of-view...

(The entire section contains 992 words.)

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"The Invisible Man" is a detective story written by G. K. Chesterton which concerns the nature of the crimes committed by one James Welkin, who had been harassing Laura Hope and menacing his romantic rival, Isidore Smythe (whom he would later murder), all without ever being seen.

The central point-of-view character is John Turnbull Angus, who, at the beginning of the story, proposes marriage to Laura himself. Laura responds to his proposal by telling a story of her own. Some time earlier, she had worked at an inn, where she was met with two unwanted proposals, made by Smythe and Welkin. Not wishing to admit the true reason for her rejection (that she found each of them "impossibly ugly"), she instead answered that she did not wish to marry anyone who had not managed to make a livelihood through his own efforts, as a matter of principle, and gave this as the reason for her rejection.

Both men then left, intending to meet her requirements. Smythe proceeded to make his fortune by inventing robots programmed to perform domestic chores. Welkin, on the other hand, disappeared and became the "invisible man" to whom the story's title alludes, harassing Laura while remaining unseen. Laura dreads the reappearance of both these two men, as she still does not wish to marry either of them.

It is at this point that the character of Smythe, who has himself been receiving threatening letters from the same Welkin, appears in the story. Smythe takes Angus back to his mansion before Angus leaves to enlist the help of his friend Flambeau. In the process, he runs into Father Brown, a Catholic priest and amateur detective who has been training Flambeau in the art of detection.

The three rush back to Smythe's house, only to find that Smythe himself has disappeared, without any witnesses to the crime (even though Angus had charged people to watch the premises when he was gone). Smythe's body will later be found in the canal. Father Brown proceeds to reveal that Welkin had in fact been a postman, and this was what allowed him to go about unnoticed, allegedly delivering the mail. Welkin was able to enter and exit the house without anyone the wiser, precisely because there was nothing out of the ordinary about a postman doing so. (The same logic applies to Welkin's harassment of Laura.) Furthermore, after murdering Smythe, he was able to put his victim's small body in his mail sack, to deposit it in the canal.

Summary

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Last Updated on October 26, 2018, by eNotes Editorial. Word Count: 574

The story begins as John Turnbull Angus pines for his reluctant, would-be fiancé, Laura Hope, outside the confectioner’s shop where she works. Angus enters the shop and begins his familiar banter about marriage and the particular bliss that Miss Hope would presumably enjoy as his bride. She attempts to discourage the ardor of her young suitor by telling him the history of her past admirers.

Laura’s father, she tells Angus, was the owner of an inn in Ludbury, outside London, and she often served tables there. Two of her customers, one a dwarf, the other a man with an appalling and disfiguring squint, sought her hand in marriage. Trying not to hurt their feelings and declining to tell them that the real reason she could not marry them was that they were “impossibly ugly,” she told them instead that she could not possibly marry anyone who had not “made his way in the world.” This white lie, however, merely encouraged further competition between the two, as both of them left to seek their fortunes and win her love.

After leaving her father’s inn, Laura discovered that one of the two, Isidore Smythe, had become a success. Smythe had made a fortune with his Silent Service, providing household robots that performed various custodial chores in the home. The other suitor, Welkin, had disappeared mysteriously, but Laura had the strange experience of hearing his laughter without seeing his physical form. She now lives in fear that one or both of them will appear and that she will be forced to marry one of them.

As she finishes this strange tale, and Angus begins to make light of it, Smythe appears just in time to discover a threatening note written on stamp paper pasted to the window of the confectionery: “If you marry Smythe, he will die.” Smythe declares that the note is in Welkin’s handwriting, and he and Angus resolve to return to Smythe’s apartment and enlist the aid of Flambeau, a local detective. While at the apartment, Angus is struck by the strangeness of Smythe’s home, filled as it is with the silent robots that serve Smythe and his guest. As an air of otherworldliness pervades, Smythe shows Angus another note that he has received from Welkin: “If you have been to see her today, I shall kill you.” Sensing imminent danger, Angus leaves to find Flambeau and solemnly charges the chestnut seller and the police officer outside Smythe’s apartment to watch it carefully and monitor anyone who enters or leaves it.

Angus encounters Father Brown at Flambeau’s house, and the three of them hasten back to Smythe’s apartment only to find blood on the floor and Smythe missing. On being questioned, the chestnut seller and the police officer testify that no one has entered Smythe’s apartment. Angus declares wildly that an “invisible man” is responsible for the crime. As Smythe’s body is found in the canal, Father Brown takes charge of the investigation.

The priest surveys the scene and suggests that no preternatural invisible man has committed a crime, but one who has become “invisible” by virtue of his familiarity to the observers. Welkin, dressed as the postal carrier, had previously delivered the threatening notes and easily entered the apartment without attracting notice, murdering Smythe and carrying his dwarfish body away in his mail sack. The resourceful Father Brown has solved another mystery.

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