The Intolerable Acts (the Coercive Acts)

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How did the British react to the colonists' actions against the Tea Act?

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The British were not happy with the response of the colonists to the Tea Act. The Tea Act gave a struggling British company a monopoly over the tea trade. The colonists were unhappy with the favoritism this law gave to the British East India Company. Thus, the colonists planned a response.

In three places, the colonists were successful in preventing the tea from being unloaded and sold in the colonies. However, in Boston, the ships loaded with the tea docked at Boston Harbor. The colonists boarded the ships and threw the tea in the harbor. This action was called the Boston Tea Party.

The British responded harshly to this act. They passed the Coercive or Intolerable Acts. As a result of this law, the port of Boston was closed until the colonists paid for the tea. Town meetings were suspended. This gave the Governor of Massachusetts more power. British officials could be tried in Britain for crimes they allegedly committed in the colonies. Finally, the British could station their troops in the homes of the colonists.

The colonists did not accept these laws and agreed to disobey them. The colonists and the British were on a collision course that would lead to the Revolutionary War.

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