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Last Reviewed on June 19, 2019, by eNotes Editorial. Word Count: 463

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The sun veiled his face, the earth quaked, the mountains were rent asunder, all men were stricken with awe. These things showed that Christ on the cross was God, and that all creation was His slave and was bearing witness by its fear to the presence of its Master.

Athanasius clung strongly to the idea that Jesus was both fully human and fully divine, entering squarely into debates swirling at the time about the nature of Jesus' divinity. Against those, like the Arianians, who described Jesus as a "creature" created by God, Athanasius asserted that Jesus was "begotten," rather than made as a creature, and was of one and the same substance as God the father. These may seem like fine points to us, but they were important in establishing the divinity of Jesus. In the above quote, Athanasius argues that although Jesus was fully human in dying on the cross, there is gospel testimony pointing to him being simultaneously divine, such as that the sun and the earth itself (both part of creation) show awe at his death. Jesus was not just the son of God, but also a part of God himself.

Some may then ask, why did He not manifest Himself by means of other and nobler parts of creation, and use some nobler instrument, such as sun or moon or stars or fire or air, instead of mere man? The answer is this. The Lord did not come to make a display. He came to heal and to teach suffering men.

In the above quote, Athanasius responds to critics who attacked him for asserting that Jesus was divine. He has been asked if Jesus were so divine, why didn't he come to earth dazzling people as a powerful god?...

(The entire section contains 463 words.)

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